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Flashcards for the final! :)

Characteristics of Romanticism

Exotic, bizzare, fascination with death, mysterious and strange take on nature, also fascination with chivalry, and BIG & small

19th C. Orchestral Music-3 Important Composers

Schubert, Berlioz, Schumann

19th C. Orchestral Music-Schubert Characteristics/Important things

8th (unfinished) Symphony the 1st Romantic symphony, didn't write more than 9 because of Beethoven, traits=expanded key relationships and slightly new emphasis on color

19th C. Orchestral Music-Berlioz Characteristics/Important things

Master of orchestration, 1 of the 1st important conductors, Symphonie Fantastique-1st and most famous orchestral piece

19th C. Orchestral Music-Schumann Characteristics/Important things

Poor orchestration with lots of doublings, orchestration didn't lend itself to development

19th C. Lieder-2 Big names

Schubert and Schumann

19th C. Lieder-Robert Schumann 3 lieder of his "Lieder Year"

Dichterliebe (Poet's Love), Frauenliebe und Leben (A Woman's Love and Life), Liederkreis (Song Cycle)

19th C. Lieder-Schubert 3 Song Cyles

Die Schone Mullerin (The Miller's Daughter), Die Winterreise, Schwanengesang (Swan Song)

19th C. Piano Music-5 Big Composers

Schubert, Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Chopin, Liszt

19th C. Piano Music-Schubert's Contribution

11 piano sonatas, expanded the boundaries of sonata-form

19th C. Piano Music-Mendelssohn's Contribution

Sonatas, concertos, preludes & fugues, "Songs without Words"

19th C. Piano Music-Robert Schumann's Contribution

5 Character Pieces (sets): Papillons (Butterflies), Carnaval, Phantasiestucke (Fantasy Pieces), Kinderszenen, Kriesbriana


Shcumann's literary devices-Florestan (party-Carnaval), Usebius-(dreamy, shy), and Raro (wise)

19th C. Piano Music-Chopin's Contribution

Character Pieces (not in cycles)-Mazurkas(Polish style), Preludes (24, thanks WTC), nocturnes (John Field), waltzes (viennese), polnaise (Polish style), ballades (Chopin 1st to use this term for piano music), etudes (concert etudes), impromptus, scherzos (independent pieces)

19th C. Piano Music-Liszt's Contribution

Vituoso of piano (Rock Star), "Musical Soliloquy" played William Tell Overture and etudes and various themes from the audience on the piano, thematic transformation, blurred sense of tonality

19th C. Italian Opera-7 Composers

Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti, Verdi, Mascagni, Leoncavallo, Puccini

19th C. Italian Opera-Rossini, traits and works

39 operas, wrote ornamentation in vocal scores, Barber of Seville, Guillame Tell, "entertainment composer" (aka in it for the money and not the music)

19th C. Italian Opera-Donezetti, 3 works

Lucia di Lammesmour, L'elisir d'amore, Di Pasquale

19th C. Italian Opera-Bellini, traits and 3 known works

all serious plots w/ very important chorus, La Sonnambula, Norma, and I Puritani

19th C. Italian Opera-Verdi, traits and 8 pieces

orchestra = not important, heavier voices; Rigoletto, Il Trovatore, La Traviata, Les Vespres Siciliennes, Don Carlos, Aida, Otello, Falstaff

19th C. Italian Opera-Puccini 7 operas

Manon Lescaut, La Boheme, Tosca, Madama Butterfly, La Fanciulta del West, Gianni Schicchi, Turandot

19th C. Italian Opera-Leoncavallo 1 important work

Pagliacci (NO MORE RICE KRISPIES!!!) :) impressionist style inspired opera

19th C. Italian Opera-Mascagni

Cavalleria Rusticana (the one where a chick plays a dude) another impressionist inspired opera

19th C. German Opera-2 big names

Weber and Wagner (aka Carl and Dick)

19th C. German Opera-Weber, 3 works and traits

Die Freischutz, Euryathe, Oberam (Shakespeare strikes again); medieval plots, NOT a Disney story, THE Force, symbolism, Melodrama (rap and beat-knicks), dark

19th C. German Opera-Wagner, the highlights tour

Set the atonal stage for 20th C. music, "music of the future," Created a new genre-Gesamtkunstwerk (total artwork), "hand of fate," Ring Cycle, Tristan Und Isolde, Leitmotif, Die Meistersinger, The Flying Dutchman


Phrase of motive that symbolizes something/one mood or idea (i.e. a curse). Went beyond the conept of a person (objects became important as well). Would evolve w/ dramatic purpose, used continuously.

Nationalism in Music Movement

Countries turned inward on themselves and devoted their arts to those of their ancestors and were determined to be the best country they could be. Like in Italy, "Viva Verdi" actually meant "Viva Vittorio Emmanuel Re D'Italy" the king of Italy. But Verdi would write some political works (operas)

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