Hist and Lit Final 19th C. Review

Flashcards for the final! :)
Characteristics of Romanticism
Exotic, bizzare, fascination with death, mysterious and strange take on nature, also fascination with chivalry, and BIG & small
19th C. Orchestral Music-3 Important Composers
Schubert, Berlioz, Schumann
19th C. Orchestral Music-Schubert Characteristics/Important things
8th (unfinished) Symphony the 1st Romantic symphony, didn't write more than 9 because of Beethoven, traits=expanded key relationships and slightly new emphasis on color
19th C. Orchestral Music-Berlioz Characteristics/Important things
Master of orchestration, 1 of the 1st important conductors, Symphonie Fantastique-1st and most famous orchestral piece
19th C. Orchestral Music-Schumann Characteristics/Important things
Poor orchestration with lots of doublings, orchestration didn't lend itself to development
19th C. Lieder-2 Big names
Schubert and Schumann
19th C. Lieder-Robert Schumann 3 lieder of his "Lieder Year"
Dichterliebe (Poet's Love), Frauenliebe und Leben (A Woman's Love and Life), Liederkreis (Song Cycle)
19th C. Lieder-Schubert 3 Song Cyles
Die Schone Mullerin (The Miller's Daughter), Die Winterreise, Schwanengesang (Swan Song)
19th C. Piano Music-5 Big Composers
Schubert, Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Chopin, Liszt
19th C. Piano Music-Schubert's Contribution
11 piano sonatas, expanded the boundaries of sonata-form
19th C. Piano Music-Mendelssohn's Contribution
Sonatas, concertos, preludes & fugues, "Songs without Words"
19th C. Piano Music-Robert Schumann's Contribution
5 Character Pieces (sets): Papillons (Butterflies), Carnaval, Phantasiestucke (Fantasy Pieces), Kinderszenen, Kriesbriana
Shcumann's literary devices-Florestan (party-Carnaval), Usebius-(dreamy, shy), and Raro (wise)
19th C. Piano Music-Chopin's Contribution
Character Pieces (not in cycles)-Mazurkas(Polish style), Preludes (24, thanks WTC), nocturnes (John Field), waltzes (viennese), polnaise (Polish style), ballades (Chopin 1st to use this term for piano music), etudes (concert etudes), impromptus, scherzos (independent pieces)
19th C. Piano Music-Liszt's Contribution
Vituoso of piano (Rock Star), "Musical Soliloquy" played William Tell Overture and etudes and various themes from the audience on the piano, thematic transformation, blurred sense of tonality
19th C. Italian Opera-7 Composers
Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti, Verdi, Mascagni, Leoncavallo, Puccini
19th C. Italian Opera-Rossini, traits and works
39 operas, wrote ornamentation in vocal scores, Barber of Seville, Guillame Tell, "entertainment composer" (aka in it for the money and not the music)
19th C. Italian Opera-Donezetti, 3 works
Lucia di Lammesmour, L'elisir d'amore, Di Pasquale
19th C. Italian Opera-Bellini, traits and 3 known works
all serious plots w/ very important chorus, La Sonnambula, Norma, and I Puritani
19th C. Italian Opera-Verdi, traits and 8 pieces
orchestra = not important, heavier voices; Rigoletto, Il Trovatore, La Traviata, Les Vespres Siciliennes, Don Carlos, Aida, Otello, Falstaff
19th C. Italian Opera-Puccini 7 operas
Manon Lescaut, La Boheme, Tosca, Madama Butterfly, La Fanciulta del West, Gianni Schicchi, Turandot
19th C. Italian Opera-Leoncavallo 1 important work
Pagliacci (NO MORE RICE KRISPIES!!!) :) impressionist style inspired opera
19th C. Italian Opera-Mascagni
Cavalleria Rusticana (the one where a chick plays a dude) another impressionist inspired opera
19th C. German Opera-2 big names
Weber and Wagner (aka Carl and Dick)
19th C. German Opera-Weber, 3 works and traits
Die Freischutz, Euryathe, Oberam (Shakespeare strikes again); medieval plots, NOT a Disney story, THE Force, symbolism, Melodrama (rap and beat-knicks), dark
19th C. German Opera-Wagner, the highlights tour
Set the atonal stage for 20th C. music, "music of the future," Created a new genre-Gesamtkunstwerk (total artwork), "hand of fate," Ring Cycle, Tristan Und Isolde, Leitmotif, Die Meistersinger, The Flying Dutchman
Phrase of motive that symbolizes something/one mood or idea (i.e. a curse). Went beyond the conept of a person (objects became important as well). Would evolve w/ dramatic purpose, used continuously.
Nationalism in Music Movement
Countries turned inward on themselves and devoted their arts to those of their ancestors and were determined to be the best country they could be. Like in Italy, "Viva Verdi" actually meant "Viva Vittorio Emmanuel Re D'Italy" the king of Italy. But Verdi would write some political works (operas)