Unit 1 Test Gilded Age and West
Terms in this set (18)
Know the main characters of An American Tail and be able to compare them to their Gilded Age archetype.
Fievel - New Immigrant
Warren T. Rat - Robber Baron
Bridget - Social Gospel Reformer
Honest John - Political Boss
Gussie Mausheimer - Philanthropist
Era of American history from 1865-1896 where America underwent an industrial revolution and big business dominated government. Although things looked nice on outside, they were corrupt underneath.
Urban organizations that controlled local politics in cities. Led by Political Bosses, these organizations would trade favors (essential services, jobs) to immigrants for their votes. They were often corrupt and cheated in elections.
People in U.S. moved from rural (country) areas to urban (city areas) for factory jobs.
Reasons immigrants felt they had to leave their homelands - war, famine, political/religious persecution
Reasons immigrants wanted to move to America - economic opportunity (jobs), religious/political freedom, American dream
Symbol of expansion of Railroads in Gilded Age. Railroads transported goods and people across the nation. Railroads allowed farmers and industrialists easier access to distant markets.
Ranchers in Texas hired cowboys to drive cattle up to railroad in Kansas, where they would be taken to Chicago to the meatpacking plants. From Chicago, the meat would be shipped by refrigerated cars to the East Coast, where people demanded good steaks.
Telephone - improved communication between people who lived far away
Electricity - allowed factories to be more efficient (workers could work at night)
People who disliked immigrants and Catholics - they wanted to restrict immigration (stop immigrants from coming) and have a homogeneous (American) society
Law that promised to give American Indians land if they agreed to assimilate into American culture
federal laws that tried to break up monopolies and promote competition among many companies
law that gave people, usually poor immigrants, public lands in the Great Plains if they agreed to settle it and farm it
Chinese Exclusion Act
law that prohibited almost all Chinese immigrants from coming to America. People on West Coast were worried that Chinese immigrants were taking their jobs, so they banned them (1st law to do so).
Immigrants who came to America in the late 1800s from Southern and Eastern Europe
Captain of Industry
Positive perspective on Industrialists - they built great companies that helped build America, they offered good products to people, they often donated large amounts of money to the public (Philanthropy)
Negative perspective on Industrialists - they created monopolies that destroyed competition, they treated their workers horribly, they cheated laws by bribing the government, they were selfish and greedy
Industrialist who ran trusts or monopolies and controlled the government in the Gilded Age.