(1920s): During the 1920s, nearly 1 million blacks left the south in the Great Migration Northward. Harlem, a New York City neighborhood, quickly became the capital of black America. Most of Harlem was very poor, with many blacks forced into low-wage jobs and paying exorbitant rents. However, it was also time in which a vibrant black cultural community developed, supported by White intellectuals. Theater, music, writing, and arts all flourished in the 20s. This is when the term "New Negro," used to describe the new self-assertive Black Americans searching for a rejection of stereotypes, came into use. Famous figures associated with the Harlem Renaissance include Hughes, McKay, Cullen, Johnson, Hurston, and Baker.