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Fugitive Slave Law
The law that made it easier for slave holders to get runaway slaves returned to them
A political party made up of people who wanted to keep the western territory free of slavery
early _______ (the word!) mostly came from Ireland and Germany. Over 5 million traveled from 1790-1860. Settled in eastern cities and then moved west
this country sold cheap parts of land so this part of their country would be settled. Americans had to: 1) become catholic 2) become citizens 3) learn spanish. 5 problems: 1) didn't change religion 2) didn't give up slavery 3) didn't like mexican laws/customs 4) didn't learn Spanish 5) kept American ways of life
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
dictator/Pres. of Mexico. Led mexican army to fight Americans/Tejano's in Texas
on 3/6/1836 Mexican army took control of this place killing all adult men inside including Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie
Battle of San Jacinto
on April 21, 1836 American army won battle with Mexican army. Army captured Santa Anna, who then gave Texas their independance
Lone Star Republic
name given to "Texas" because it was not allowed to become a state, so it was its own separate country for approx. 10 yrs. Slavery issue kept it out of Union. Northern States didn't want another slave state
claimed by USA, England and Russia. Split between USA- Southern and England Northern Russia- none. Border 54, 40 N. Latitude
Northern Boundry of Oregon Terr.- Alaska. US wanted all of O.T. up to this. O.R. was split at 49 N
James K. Polk
Democratic party. Thought USA should own the entire piece all the way up to Alaska. Wanted to annex Texas [[Lone Star Republic]]
Whig Party. Didn't want Texas. Didn't want to push for all of Oregon Country. Feared wars with England or Mexico
War with Mexico
occurred due to annexation of Texas. US won. Got California, Nevada, Utah, NM, Arizona and Texas. [for sure]
3 positions: 1) Wanted slavery, thought it was ok and necessary for plantation labor 2) abolish slavery everywhere, was not correct or justified 3) Wrong but feared discussion would split country, shouldn't spread into new territories
Compromise of 1850
Written by Henry Clay to decide slavery issues in western territories [west of LA purchase] 4 parts- 1) California free state, liked by North 2) No slave trade in Washington D.C, like by North 3) Fugitive Slave law- return escaping slaves a must, liked by South 4) Two new territories,Utah and NM, future of slavery here undecided, liked by South
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote anti-slavery book, Uncle Tom's Cabin as a reaction to the Fugitive Slave Law, Published in 1852. Showed the world of evils and tried to turn readers against it
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
Written by Stephen A. Douglas- senator from Illinois. This repeated the comp. of 1820. now settlers in Kan.-Nebraska could vote to decide if slavery should be allowed in terr. Originally the compromise of 1820 said NO SLAVERY!
organized to stop spread of slavery into new terr. Began in 1854. A. Lincoln was the republican candidate in 1860
Stephen A. Douglas
Wrote Kansas-Nebraska act 1854. Ran against Lincoln in 1856 and won. Thought voters should deserve issues of slavery in new terr.
Pro-anti slavery group fought each other instead of voting about slavery on each side. John Brown [Anti-Slavery] led a raid on town killing 5 pro-slave people
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