parent education exam 1

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family life education
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parent education is important because everyone..can be a parent. there is no requirementparenting behaviorplays an important role in influencing children's development. enhance understanding of parent-child relations: realistic expectation, best practices. it can provide community and supportwhy do parents go to parent ed classes = they want to be good parentsaffirmation/assessment meet other parents developmental knowledge safety learning other parenting options tips/strategiesnational parent edu modelsNational Extension Parent Ed Model National Extension Parent Ed FrameworkNational Extension Parent Ed Model1994- categories/content for parent edNational Extension Parent Ed Framework2004- how to be a good parent educator/guidelinesa national model is important becauseit offers a common framework for all parent education programsNEPEMcategory/priority practice. care for self, understand =, guide, nurture, motivate, advocate. goal is to make parents feel EMPOWEREDNEFPEFying/yang content for parents. fits together with parenting, grow frame, embrace, develop, educate, buildDAIL- parent education philosophyhow do you define "family" how important is family what is the difference between a good/bad parent what do you teach in PE what does success look like who should participate = all depends on my own personal beliefsas a Parent Educatorunderstand group dynamics as well as individual needs/personalities. create a safe/supportive environment for learning. most important, is to help parents explore personal values, goals, and their child's needs to own parenting decisions.research in parent edusing research/science to improve human development and family relations in the cornerstone of PE. informs program design and implementation. used to dev/justify grants. provides a method for evaluating programsparent training programs- 2009 centers for disease control and prevention= 3 components associated with better outcomes for parents/childrenteaching emotional communication skills teaching positive parent-child interaction skills requiring parents to practice with child during program sessionsempirical researchbased on TESTING = research question or hypothesis examined. can be REPLICATED = has a description of how the study was conductedliterature reviewsurvey scholarly articles related to a particular topic provides a critical and in depth overview and evaluation of previous researchpeer reviewed articlesa process by which a scholarly work is checked by a group of experts in the same field to make sure it meets the necessary standards before it is accepted for publication.intropurpose of study. why is it important. what was done in the past. hypothesismethodhow will the researcher do their testing. participants, measures, procedures, analysisresultswhat they found. p<.05. specific info on statistical resultsdiscussionwhat is the interpretation and conclusion. limitations of the study, future direction, implications of program developmentparents and children: theoretical perspectives theoryprovides an explanation for complex phenomenon. helps us understand parenting, gives us direction on how parents should behaveattachment theory- bowlbythe relationship between parent and child reflects a behavioral system that has adopted to promote the survival of child. instinctive drive to attach and bond. parent role- provide consistent responsive caregiving. provide secure base. long term implications- ability to form secure, trusting relationships in adulthood. developmental delays, relationship problems, mental illness.Alderian theory- Alderassumes that children are trying to connect, belong, and be accepted from the moment they are born. close/secure= drive behavior. -children require guidance and teaching not punishment. -parents role- to understand the goal/motivation of the child's behavior4 basic goals of misbehavior according to Adlerattention seeking power/capability revenge/want someone to acknowledge their feelings assumed inadequacy/avoidance, discouraged and frustratedpsychosocial theory- eriksondevelopmental process is in stages. each stage is marked by a "psychosocial crisis": challenging to healthy/unhealthy development. ex: autonomy vs shame/doubt. how can parent's promote autonomy? words of encouragement. shame/doubt? overreact when mistakes are madebehaviorism- skinnerbehavior modification. specifically= operant conditioning: you can shape a persons behavior if you reinforce behavior you want or punish behavior you don't want. parents role- utilize reinforcement (hug, smile, praise)social learning theory- bandurabased off skinner. explains how learning may occur when there is no visible reinforcement or reward. focuses on the importance of the role of a model or the effect of observation learning = imitation. parents role- model the behavior you wantcognitive develop theory- Piagetconcerned with how children come to know and understand the world around them. cogn. dev. based schemes; goal oriented strategies. consistent, reliable, pattern or plan of interaction with the environment parents role- provide environment stimulation. provide social interactionsociocultural theory- vygostkyemphasizes the social aspects of cogn. dev.: language, observation, zone of proximal dev. ZoPD: parents can scaffold development= guidance can help accomplish skills parents role- scaffolding= teamwork/bilding. baking a cakebehavioral geneticsemphasizes the role of genetic inheritance as well as environmental contribution.. phenotype: genes influence dev in 3 ways.developmental interaction- Galinskyparenting is not a static skill. parent's should be aware of their child's development and adjust their interactions accordingstages of developmental interactionimage making- picturing yourself before becoming a parent nurturing- establishing close bond authority- establishing expectations interpretive- passing on worldview interdependent- reevaluate authority during diff stages of child devfamily systems theorywholeness- the whole is greater than the stem of its parts. cannot focus on an individual or relationship in isolation.3 things of family systems theoryinterdependence: reciprocal influence of individuals and relationships homeostasis= balance adaptation and stability equifinality= families have common goals but reach these goals in different ways parents role- establish the patterns of familiar interaction, maintain stability, negotiate change effectivelyecological systems theory- brofenbrennerparent child relations do not exist in isolation. nested within a context of multiple environments. bidirectional influence, larger contexts influence parent/child relationship and parent/child relationship influence larger contextsecology of parentingthe study of relationships between organisms and their larger environments. society influences how we view parenting/children. society benefits or doesn't by parents/childrenparenting is a social construct. only has meaning provided by society.historically- children seen as having little value. now- children viewed as in need of guidanceparents responsibilitycommon across cultures- reproduction, physical protection, socializationparental satisfactioncommitment: more-more role overload: more-less gender: women more-men less education: more-less income: more-more marital satisfaction: more-more child characteristics: temperament, health, age, etcdevelopmental life cyclesatisfaction is highest during early stages of parenthood and slowly diminishes