Organized by President Woodrow Wilson and established on April 14, 1917 headed by George Creel it composed of the secretaries of state, war, and the navy, with the help of journalists, photographers, artists, entertainers, was a propaganda committee that built support for the war effort in Europe among Americans. It depicted Germans and other enemies on bad terms, and served to censor the press. The committee helped spur up the anti-German feeling in America as well as motivated Americans to support war against Germany once declared. Employed over employed some 150,000 workers at home and oversees.
Goal was to urge people especially immigrants to become "One hundred percent American" German Americans were most affected. Concert halls banned music by German composers. School districts shut down German language programs, and hamburgers were renamed "liberty sandwiches:" There were posters exhorting citizens to root out German spies
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize This was a period of widespread political reform that lasted from the 1890s through the first two decades of the 20th century. The movement actually comprised a number of efforts on the local, state, and national levels, and included both Democrats and Republicans who championed such causes as tax reform, woman suffrage, political reform, industrial regulation, the minimum wage, the eight-hour work day, and workers' compensation. The reform-minded enthusiasm of this era came to an end as the United States entered World War I in 1917, and energies were redirected into the war effort. President Woodrow Wilson, in 1912, set out to break down what he called, "the triple wall of privilege." This included the bank, trusts, and the tariff.
He addressed the tariff first; in early 1913, he summoned a special session of Congress. asked Senators not to give in to lobbyists.
the Underwood Tariff Bill passed and substantially reduced import fees, along with placing an income tax for amounts over $3,000.
Then Wilson tackled the banking system. In June 1913, Wilson again personally addressed both houses of Congress and appealed for sweeping reforms of the banking system, which eventually resulted in him signing the monumental Federal Reserve Act in 1913. This Act created the Federal Reserve Board which oversaw a nation-wide system of regional banks. The Board was given the power to issue paper money called "Federal Reserve Notes" during times of economic pressure.
Last he attacked the trusts. early in 1914 Wilson made a personal appearance before Congress and nine months later received the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914. This bit of legislation allowed a presidential appointed commission to search out monopolies and crush them. The Act was followed by the Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914 which added to the Sherman Act's list of bad business practices. The Clayton Act also helped laborers as it exempted unions and labor organizations from antitrust persecution and gave them protection for legal and peaceful protest.
Governor of Wisconsin who was a militant progressive. He wrestled control out of the hands of corrupt corporations and perfected a way for regulating public utilities. helped found the National Progressive Republican League, which intended to unseat Taft
He is remembered for introducing the first workers' compensation system, railroad rate reform, direct legislation, municipal home rule, open government, the minimum wage, non-partisan elections, the open primary system, direct election of U.S. Senators, women's suffrage, and progressive taxation