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13 terms

Test 3: Post War Recovery, 1945-1975

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What was the Marshall Plan and what was its historical significance?
Primary program of the US for rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of Western Europe. The initiative was named Secretary of State George Marshall and was largely the creation of state department officials.
How did the results of World War Two affect the economy and domestic politics in Europe?
- Economy:
· Decline in industry, agriculture, transportation, communication
· Financial crisis, inflations, silver & gold lose value
· Loans from the US
- Domestic politics:
· Growth of communist influence
Organized resistance movements versus Nazis
France & Italy-->most effective/common communist and Socialist movements
Socialists dominated Belgium & Denmark
· Result of communist rule
Influence was self-determined
Truman announced the Truman Doctrine
· Democracies covered west Europe
What were the most important developments in Europe during 1945-75?
- Integration of European economy
· Improving Living Standards
· Economic Cooperation
· OEES-->organization for European economic cooperation
· European Economic Community (EEC)-->most successful
Who was Clement Attlee?
Britain politician who served as the prime minister of the UK, and leader of the Labor party. The first person to hold the office of Deputy prime minister under Churchill in the wartime government.
Who was Jean Monet?
Chief architect of European unity. Never elected to public office, but worked behind the scenes of American and European governments as a well connected pragmatic internationalist.
Who was Konrad Adenauer?
German statesman who had a political career of 60 years, and noted for his first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Who was Oliveira Salazar?
Served as prime minister of Portugal. Also acting president of the republic, and founded and led the Estado Novo.
What was the Organization of European Economic Cooperation?
A Paris based international economic organization of 30 countries. Most members were high0income economics with a high human development index and are regarded as developed countries.
What was the most important developments in the domestic history of the Soviet Union during 1953-1962?
- 1953-1962-->the Cold War
- got closer to the US
- strong sense of nationalism
What was Sputnik?
The robotic spacecraft launched by the Soviet Union. First human-made object to orbit earth. There was a series of them.
Who was Nikita Khrushchev?
Led the soviet Union during the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Communist party of the Soviet Union. Was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy.
What institution was created in Eastern Europe to coordinate economic planing and cooperation?
- •Council of Mutual Economic Assistance
· 5 year plan
What individual headed the occupation government in Japan during 1945-1952?
- Harry Truman appointed General Douglas MacArthur as Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP), to supervise the occupation of Japan
- Japan initially surrendered to the Allies on August 14, 1945, when the Japanese government notified the Allies that it had accepted the Potsdam Declaration