Greenberg - Unit 10 Vietnam
for the honors test on may 4th.
What were the French doing in Indochina?
They were trying to reestablish control over their former colony.
Why did the US support the French?
The US needed them as aliies in Europe.
Identify. Ho Chi MIn
The leader of the vietnamese independence movement.
A resistance group fighting for independance in Vietnam.
Why is it ironic that the US sent $15 million to aid the French?
Minh helped US in WWII
Identify. Domino Theory
If one country falls to communism then one by one, they all will.
Identify. Geneva Accords
It divided Vietnam into the North and South
Which parts of Vietnam were which politcal partiy?
North - Communist & South- Democracy
Identify. Ngo Dinh Diem
strong, anti - communist leader, supported by the US
Why did Diem refuse to take part in nationwide elections in 1956?
Diem knew that he would lose.
National liberation front, southern communists
What was the Ho Chi Minh trail?
The way that the North supplied the Vietcong with weapons
What was a first with the Vietnam war?
LIVE!!!! MEDIA COVERAGE.
What ended up happenning to Diem after his regime became corrupt?
What was making the Vietcong more popular?
After Diems death, each new unstable regime added to the chaos
What was Operation Rolling Thunder?
Systematic bombing of North Vietnam
Why did Johnson decide to start attacking North Vietnam?
The USS Maddox was bombed a few times by North Vietnamese
What was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?
NOT a declaration of war. However, it gave Johnson broad military powers in Vietnam,
Why couldn't the US declare war?
There was no "COUNTRY" to declare war on.
Who was the commander of the American troops in Vietnam?
General Willaim Westmoreland
In the begininning, did the US support the war?
YES. about 61%
What truned the war into a frustrating stalemate?
Guerilla Warfare tactics.
Explain. Difficulty recognizing the enemy
The vietcong didnt wear uniforms...they dressed as civilians
Explain. Tunnel System
elaborate tunnels used ot move men and supplies
Explain. Booby traps and land mines
explosive traps used to demoralize americans (tripwire etc.)
What was strange about the battles?
The US never lost , but it seemed that the vietcong would pay any price for victory
Explain. Battle of Hearts and Minds
The US was trying to win the hearts of the Southern people so that they wouldnt be influenced by the North. (as opposed ti fear)
What were search and destroy missions?
US soliders were dropped in the jungle and told to find the enemy and kill them
similar to a wall of fire.
Identify. Agent Orange
Why dont we use the draft anymore?
Troops were forced to fight a war they didnt support, many turned to abusins substances -drug, alcohol- low morale led to murder of supeior officers
When inflation rised, Johnson aksed for a tax increase. What did the congressmen want in return for the new taxes.
cut social welfare programs.
Wwhat was the credibility gap?
what the government said and what people saw on tv were different
a vietnamese holiday - similar to new years eve
Identify. Tet Offensive
An attack launched by the Vietcong on Tet. It attacked over 100 towns/cities and 12 US airbases and the US Embassay in Saigon
Results of Military attack (Tet Offensive)
crippling, clear loss for the vietcong
Results of Political attack (Tet Offensive)
success for vietcong- many americans turned against the war
Identify. Walter Cronkite
Well Respected CBS Anchorman
What was so important about Walter Cronkite?
He turned against the war in Vietnam - Changed many peoples minds
What were the 2 key points of President Johnsons address to the American people in March?
He wouldnt run for president again and focus on ending war.
Why did Sirhan assassinate Robert Kennedy?
He was a palastinean student and robert pledged to help isreal
against war (peace)
Why was Humphrey the clear favorite?
He was Johnsons VP
Youth International Party Members
What happened outside of the democratic national convention?
HUGE protest that turned violent (AKA the chicago police riot)
What role did George Wallace play in the election of 1968?
He was a spolier. He won 5 states in the deep south and spoiled the democrats chance at winning
Who won the election of 1968?
South Vietnam fights more and the US fights less - this way US troops could begin to pull out
Identify. Madman Theory
In order to maintain dignity in pulling out of the war, Nixon intensified the bombing of North Vietnam and threated nukes. (He knew he wouldnt use them but he wants Vietnam to think he would)
Explain. My Lai Massacre
US platoon massacred innocent civilains in a small town - searching for vietcong members
How did college students react to the invasion of Cambodia?
most violent anti - war protests
Explain. Kent State
students were getting out of control and guards shot 4 students
construction workers in NY beat up anti - war protestors
Identify. Daniel Elsberg
He leaed classified military doecuments to the NY Times and they proved that the government was lying about vietnam
What did Nixon do to bring the North Vietnamese back to the table?
Christmas Bombings - 3 weeks bombing
What did the peace agrement made in Moscow say?
The US would leave, The NOrth wouldnt invade the South and all POW's would be traded back
What happened to Saigon after the US left?
North rolled into Saigon, South surrendered and it was renamed Ho Chi Minh City
After the US left, what happened in Southeast Asia?
many vietnamese fled, reeducation camps were opened to teach about communism and the Khmer Rouge took control of Cambodia kill millions
What policys were changed in the US after Vietnam?
Draft - hasnt been used since and War Powers Act - presidents military powers are more limited