What were the French doing in Indochina?
They were trying to reestablish control over their former colony.
What was making the Vietcong more popular?
After Diems death, each new unstable regime added to the chaos
Why did Johnson decide to start attacking North Vietnam?
The USS Maddox was bombed a few times by North Vietnamese
What was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?
NOT a declaration of war. However, it gave Johnson broad military powers in Vietnam,
Explain. Difficulty recognizing the enemy
The vietcong didnt wear uniforms...they dressed as civilians
What was strange about the battles?
The US never lost , but it seemed that the vietcong would pay any price for victory
Explain. Battle of Hearts and Minds
The US was trying to win the hearts of the Southern people so that they wouldnt be influenced by the North. (as opposed ti fear)
What were search and destroy missions?
US soliders were dropped in the jungle and told to find the enemy and kill them
Why dont we use the draft anymore?
Troops were forced to fight a war they didnt support, many turned to abusins substances -drug, alcohol- low morale led to murder of supeior officers
When inflation rised, Johnson aksed for a tax increase. What did the congressmen want in return for the new taxes.
cut social welfare programs.
Identify. Tet Offensive
An attack launched by the Vietcong on Tet. It attacked over 100 towns/cities and 12 US airbases and the US Embassay in Saigon
Results of Political attack (Tet Offensive)
success for vietcong- many americans turned against the war
What was so important about Walter Cronkite?
He turned against the war in Vietnam - Changed many peoples minds
What were the 2 key points of President Johnsons address to the American people in March?
He wouldnt run for president again and focus on ending war.
Why did Sirhan assassinate Robert Kennedy?
He was a palastinean student and robert pledged to help isreal
What happened outside of the democratic national convention?
HUGE protest that turned violent (AKA the chicago police riot)
What role did George Wallace play in the election of 1968?
He was a spolier. He won 5 states in the deep south and spoiled the democrats chance at winning
South Vietnam fights more and the US fights less - this way US troops could begin to pull out
Identify. Madman Theory
In order to maintain dignity in pulling out of the war, Nixon intensified the bombing of North Vietnam and threated nukes. (He knew he wouldnt use them but he wants Vietnam to think he would)
Explain. My Lai Massacre
US platoon massacred innocent civilains in a small town - searching for vietcong members
Identify. Daniel Elsberg
He leaed classified military doecuments to the NY Times and they proved that the government was lying about vietnam
What did Nixon do to bring the North Vietnamese back to the table?
Christmas Bombings - 3 weeks bombing
What did the peace agrement made in Moscow say?
The US would leave, The NOrth wouldnt invade the South and all POW's would be traded back
What happened to Saigon after the US left?
North rolled into Saigon, South surrendered and it was renamed Ho Chi Minh City
After the US left, what happened in Southeast Asia?
many vietnamese fled, reeducation camps were opened to teach about communism and the Khmer Rouge took control of Cambodia kill millions