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Catholic Social Teaching Unit 2
Terms in this set (17)
1. Give three examples of how society can protect and defend the dignity of human life.
- rejecting the use of genetic engineering to manipulate human life
- combating the use of public money to provide abortions, in our own country or in other countries
- ensuring access to health care, especially to those without health care in our nation and abroad
2. Why must the support and protection of the family have the highest priority in society?
Society must give highest priority to the support and protection of the family because the family is the original and central form of community (defined as a man and woman united in Marriage, together with their children and extended family). All other social institutions are built around the family, and the family is where we learn how to live in society.
3. What are the main categories of human rights outlined by Pope John XXIII in his encyclical Peace on Earth?
In his encyclical Peace on Earth, Pope John XXIII outlined several categories of human rights:
- the right to life
- rights pertaining to moral and cultural values
- the right to worship God according to one's conscience
- the right to choose one's state in life (or vocation)
- economic rights
- the right of meeting and association
- the right to emigrate and immigrate
- political rights
4. Explain the moral principle of the universal destination of goods.
The universal destination of goods is a moral principle that the earth and all its goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide what all human beings need in order to live with dignity.
5. How does the value of work as understood by Catholic social teaching differ from the common societal understanding of the value of work?
The common understanding of the value of work views work in terms of employee compensation, company profit, or stockholder earnings. In contrast, Catholic social teaching says that work exists for the sake of people, and its value must be measured first and foremost by whether it promotes the worker's human dignity.
6. What is solidarity? How are solidarity and justice related to peace?
Solidarity refers to being united in heart and mind with all people. The principles of solidarity and justice promote peace by recognizing how interconnected all of us are. Solidarity requires us to live in a way that does not deprive others of what they need to live, and it also requires us to commit to the principle that every person is a child of God. When we respect every person as we respect ourselves, we promote peace.
7. What is the difference between exploiting creation and being a steward of creation?
Exploiting creation includes many threats to the earth that disrupt the balance and harmony God intended. In contrast, being a steward of creation means responsibly using and caring for the gifts of creation that God has given us.
Universal destination of goods
The principle that the earth and all its goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide the things all human beings need to live with dignity.
An organized social movement and market-based approach that aims to help producers in developing countries to obtain living wages for their labor.
The good that is collectively shared by a number of people and that is beneficial for all members of a given society - social conditions that allow for all citizens of the earth, individuals and families, to meet basic needs and achieve fulfillment promote the common good.
Catholic Social Teaching Principle #1
Life and Dignity of the Human Person
Promoting the life and dignity of human beings is the most fundamental theme of Catholic social teaching. It is the core social justice theme and the one on which the other themes are based.
All human beings are made in the image and likeness of God.
• All human beings have God-given dignity.
• Christians are called to respect and protect human life and dignity.
• Respecting human life and dignity means more than simply allowing others to live. It also means helping others to live to the fullest—to thrive physically, socially, mentally, and spiritually.
Catholic Social Teaching Principle #2
Call to Family, Community, and Participation
Human beings are created by God to be social creatures, to live in fellowship and community. The U.S. bishops state that each person is not only sacred but social.
• The support and protection of the family must have the highest priority in society. The family also has a right and responsibility to participate in society.
• God calls us not only to support and nurture our families but also to participate in the local community, nation, and world, caring for our brothers and sisters in Christ and constantly working to promote the common good.
Catholic Social Teaching Principle #3
Rights and Responsibilities
All human beings have a right to life and to having their basic needs met, such as food, shelter, clothing, medical care, and employment.
• Along with these rights come responsibilities, such as contributing to and participating in society and promoting the common good.
Catholic Social Teaching Principle #4
Option for the Poor and Vulnerable
The Church has always emphasized that individuals and society must have a special concern for people who are poor and vulnerable. This concern is rooted in the moral principle that Church teaching calls the universal destination of goods.
• The "universal destination of goods" is the principle that the earth and all its goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide the things all human beings need to live with dignity.
The option for the poor and vulnerable has two parts:
1. It involves freely choosing to become friends or partners with those who are poor, and taking on their problems as our problems.
2. The option for poor and vulnerable people means a commitment to take action to transform any injustices tha
Catholic Social Teaching Principle #5
Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers
• Work, and the economy in general, exists for the sake of people, not the other way around.
• The value of work must first be measured by whether it promotes the human dignity of the worker.
Catholic Social Teaching Principle #6
Catholic social teaching says that a spirit of friendship and true community —between individuals, groups, and nations—is the basis for a just world. This is the Catholic social teaching theme of solidarity.
• Solidarity is based on the understanding that all people are part of the same human family, despite our national, racial, ethnic, economic, or ideological differences.
• Solidarity calls us to respect every person with the same respect we have for ourselves and to respect the basic rights that flow from each person's inherent dignity.
Union of one's heart and mind with all people - leads to the just distribution of material goods, creates bonds between opposing groups and nations, and leads to the spread of spiritual goods such as friendship and prayer.
Catholic Social Teaching Principle #7
Care for God's Creation
In the Creation account in the Book of Genesis, God placed Adam in the Garden of Eden "to cultivate and care for it" (2:15), symbolically indicating the human responsibility to care for the earth.
In the first account of Creation, God commanded the man and woman to "fill the earth and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and all the living things that move on the earth" (Genesis 1:28).
The careful and responsible management of someone or something that has been entrusted to a person's care including the responsibility to use and care for the gifts of creation that God has given us.
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