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chapter 21 test
history 10th grade
Terms in this set (59)
Policy that seeks to correct the effects of past discrimination by favoring those who were previously disadvantaged.
rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality
Unjust treatment of different categories of people
Laws enacted by Southern states and local governments to separate white and black people in public and private facilities.
Jim Crow Laws
Policy declared to unite other white politicians and leaders in a new state laws campaign.
prejudice or discrimination against someone.
A form of demonstration used by african americans to protest discrimination.
Protesters sit down in segregated business and refuse to leave 'til served.
slogan used by stokely carmichael in 1960s encouraged african americans pride and political and social leadership
racial segregation established by practice and custom, NOT by law
de facto segregation
political system in which a national government and constituent unit share power
Gov. practice of testing literacy, required for voting.
nonviolent opposition to authority.
unfair treatment of members of a majority group resulting from efforts to correct discrimination against members of other groups.
rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the Constitution
Withdraw from social relations. Protest.
racial segregation imposed by LAW
de jure segregation
one of the civil rights activists who rode buses through the south in early 1960s to challenge segregation.
putting a person to death by mob action without law.
annual tax that formerly had to be paid in some southern states by anyone wishing to vote
racial policy, blacks may be segregated if granted equal opportunities and facilities
separate but equal
oversimplified conception or opinion.
refusal to comply with laws or pay taxes
action of incorporating a racial group into a community
clause exempting certain classes of people or things from requirements of legislation
person killed because of religious or other beliefs
preconceived opinion based on reason/ experience.
action or state of setting someone apart from other people based on race
supreme court ruled that this "separate but equal" law did NOT violate the 14th amendment.
plessy vs. Ferguson case 1896
what led to the formation of jim crow laws
plessy vs. ferguson case 1896
What did the NAACP fight to do?
chief legal counsel for NAACP
Charles Hamilton Huston
The NAACP's legal battle to end Jim Crow practices focused on
Governor Faubus' reaction to desegregation in Little Rock included
closing a high school
Civil rights became an issue for President Kennedy after the injustices in
The purpose of the march on Washington, D.C. was to
pass the Civil Rights Act
The Black Power Movement was objected to most strongly by
Dr. Martin Luther King
Voting activist who spoke for Mississippi Democratic Freedom Party
Fannie Lou Hamer
First African-American Supreme Court Justice
Black student who integrated University of Mississippi
South African system of racial segregation
Student protest organization
Civil Rights leader assassinated in 1968
Commission that studied urban violence
Saudi Arabia destination that radically changed Malcolm X's thinking
Muslim Minister who preached black superiority and separatism
Supreme Court decision that declared segregation of public schools unconstitutional
brown v board education
Site of showdown over school desegregation
"Freedom Summer" focus to impact civil rights
Location of organized bus boycott
african-American neighborhood in Los Angeles that erupted in race riots
Site of important voting campaign in 1965
Police Commissioner of Birmingham
eugne bull connor
Supreme Court decision that upheld "separate but equal" railroad accommodations
plessy v Ferguson
Martin Luther King Jr's name for nonviolent resistance
What did the Kerner Commission conclude was the cause of urban violence?
Civil rights act 1968 prohibited discrimination in
14 year old african american boy killed for allegedly flirting with a white woman
attempted to register as many african american voters as possible
freedom summer project
who led march against fear
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