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8 terms

Nutrition

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nutrient
substances in food that provide energy and materials for cell development, growth, and repair
protein
large molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur
amino acid
a molecule of protein that is made up of a large number of smaller units
carbohydrate
the main sources of energy for your body
fat
nutrients that store energy, cushions organs, and helps the body absorb vitamins
vitamin
water-soluble or fat-soluble organic nutrient needed in small quantities for growth, for preventing some diseases, and for regulating body functions
mineral
inorganic nutrient that regulates many chemical reactions in the body
food group
groups of food-such as bread, cereal, rice, and pasta-containing the same type of nutrients