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Arts and Humanities
Music 2252 Final Term List
Terms in this set (40)
Country BlueGrass and Blues. Basically a dive bar that attracted an artistic crowd, had a rock festival showcase that brought in big names like the Ramones, Television and the Talking Heads
Young generation's response to highly produced, virtuosic, ideal-driven music. Extremely Short, simple chords, aggressive, cinical music.
• Punk-like music, but appealed to a wider audience
• Incorporated new music technology (synthesizers, computers) as well as musical experimentation
• Political overtones largely removed, social commentary still present
• Began around the same time as punk, but its principle acts survived longer
• Before exploring the New Wave, we need to examine two precursors: ambient music, and electronica
Pioneered by Brian Eno
• music that creates an atmosphere of sound that surrounds the listener
• ambient music "must be as ignorable as it is interesting"
repetitive, highly rhythmic music suitable for dancing, would lead to techno, house, rave, etc. Pioneered by Kraftwerk
• Robert Moog invented this, an analog music synthesizer
• Intended for music studios and composers working on electronic compositions
Wendy Carlos Williams on her album of 1968, used the Moog to perform
the music of composer J.S. Bach (1685-1750)
Switched on Bach
• A wide variety of sounds, but only capable of one note at a time
• Quickly became popular in Progressive rock and Funk-Rock in the 1970s
what makes a particular musical sound different from another, even when they have the same pitch and loudness. For instance, it is the difference between a guitar and a piano playing the same note at the same loudness.
stylistic convergence of rock, pop, and electronic music
is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s, and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae. This music combined elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues. It is characterized by a walking bass line accented with rhythms on theupbeat.
Evolved out of ska and rocksteady. Faster than rocksteady, tighter and more complex than ska.
Ex: Bob Marley
• "Combining the best of radio and television" 24-hours a day - several other stations aired music videos for short periods of time, but never to this extent
• Revolutionized conception & sale of popular music
• Created new generation of image-defined rock superstars
Album by the king of pop himself.
• Breaks sales records with around 45 million copies sold
• 7 out of 10 songs reached to the top ten on the charts
• Transcended boundaries between audiences that music industry experts thought unbreakable
• Propelled Michael Jackson to superstardom
A movie, album and song that propelled Prince to stardom. Follows a young musicians struggle to establish himself and come to terms with his family.
took the energy of punk and increased its intensity while stripping out the traces of bubblegum sweetness
- increased tempos (not as danceable)
- inflammatory sociopolitical messages
- commitment to DIY (small, indie labels)
• a sonically diverse genre in which bands took punk's democratic spirit and sense of alienation and grafted it to music that challenged rock conventions
• Often used the studio as an instrument to produce dark, atmospheric and experimental music
• Usually critical towards politics, but in a more academic fashion
• Style of dancing commonly performed at hardcore,alternative, and metalshows, and later at grunge and hard rock shows
• Also known as slam-dancing. Has variants in pogoing and the wall of death
Debut album of Gang of Gour, named after group of communist china leaders arrested after death of mao Zedong. Rooted in sociology and cultural theory, and the group sought to create a band as a vehicle for anti-capitalist ideals
Metal returned in the 80s, however, with multiple subtypes
This type of metal was championed by Metallica, Megadeath and Slayer.
• fast tempos
• lack of pop hooks
• emphasis of technical ability
• dark, heavily distorted guitars (pounding downstrokes)
• sectional writing (quick transitions between slow,
• symphonic sections, with virtuosic guitar solos)
Album by AC/DC that propelled the group to fame. Sold millions.
Back in Black
This band's third album and the first thrash metal album to be certified platinum
Master of Puppets
Break dance style dancing
This style of rock did not really denote a style, but rather an attitude - a rebellion against the music of mainstream pop expressed by "Generation X"
• Post-baby-boom generation
• Born between late 1960s and early 1980s
• Product of broken homes, divorce, and disillusionment that were rampant in the 1970s
• Jaded by 1980s economic crisis, and often farright conservatism
• Witnesses to increased crime, gang violence, and pro-gun culture
• Musically, Gen Xmusic of the 80s tends to be more introspective and emotional, rather than the violent/aggressive music of 70s punk.
Independent labeled music. Against organized music.
REM use this album to gain national attention, which includes Stipe's most openly political lyrics
- Also a clearer vocal style, as Stipe becomes more
comfortable with being a frontman and a spokesperson
- First top 10 hit, "The One I Love"
- Example, "Exhuming McCarthy," a comparison of redbaiting Joe MeCarthy with President Ronald Regan.
Includes a clip of Joseph Welch's rebuke of McCarthy
• In some ways similar to the New York art/music scene of Andy Warhol and the Velvet Underground from the 60s
• Groups noted for their Nihilistic attitudes and "Da-da"-esque approach to art
• The term refers in part to opposition to the polished popappeal of New Wave
• Music focuses on experimental approaches: de-tuned strings; emphasis on noise; interest in sound, not melodic content
• a dual concert held in London and Philadelphia to raise funds for the ongoing Ethiopian famine
• Television broadcast watched by over 1.9 billion people across 150 nations, making it one of the largest-scale television events in human history
• The Super-Bowl usually gets around 100 million
• Established U2 as a prominent act
• a reactionary musical style striking out against big productions and the complex sounds of MTV pop and Heavy Metal
• Complete control of the process: performance style, clothing, song choices
• Combination of Heavy Metal, Punk and Alternative
• "Aesthetic of Dumb" - purposively being a loser and avoiding success because of the distorting effect on music and musicians
• Gave a mainstream sound to grunge on national and international levels
• Built underground interest: brought in an English journalist who brought music back to England, wrote a few articles, and grunge exploded in England
• Drew attention to packaging and made records collectible by releasing limited quantities of their records and the Sub Pop Singles Club
• Promoted a homogenized, somewhat unrealistic, image of music in Seattle that is quickly adopted by the rest of the country
Sub Pop Records
Album by Nirvana that brought Grunge to the mainstream - the alternative was now the popular, a dichotomy that angered many and haunted Cobain. Replaced Michael Jackson as #1 album in 1992
Album by Pearl Jam that, with Nevermind, defined the Grunge movement. Music is less distorted and jarring, drawing more from hard rock.
Album by The Smashing Pumpkins. Album is more sonically varied than Grunge, using lush instrumentation, orchestral backing, long guitar solos and experimentation, and psychedelic explorations
Drawing from past acts such as the Jackson 5 and the Osmonds, 90s boy bands had carefully controlled images, choreography, individual "roles," and little artistic control
A cross-genre combining vocal elements of hip hop (rap) with hard, guitar-driven rock. Brought whites and blacks and all races across the board together by fusing rap and rock.
Best selling rap album of the 1980s. Combination of hard rock and rap by white artists was a huge hit on MTV and quickly spread the sound across the country
Licensed to Ill
`P2P network designed to share music. Ended up bringing down music by illegal piracy
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