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26 terms

The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography Chapter 12 Key Terms

Key terms from chapter 12 (Services) of The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography (8th edition) by James M. Rubenstein.
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Basic Industries
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Business Services
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses.
Central Business District
The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Central Place
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding areas.
Central Place Theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of the market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and further apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel further.
City-state
A sovereign state comprising a city and it's immediate hinterland.
Clustered rural settlement
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Dispersed Rural Settlement
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Economic Base
A community's collection of basic industries.
Enclosure Movement
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th century.
Gravity Model
The model that holds the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market Area
The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Nonbasic Industries
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
Personal Services
The services that provide the well being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
Primate City
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the 2nd ranking settlement.
Primate City Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the 2nd largest settlement.
Producer Services
Services that primarily help people conduct business.
Public Services
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection services for citizens and businesses.
Range
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
rank-size rule
A pattern of settlements in a country such that a nth largest settlement in 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Retail Services
Services that provide goods for sale to consumers.
Service
Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Settlement
A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Threshold
The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
Transportation and Information Services
Services that diffuse and distribute services.
Consumer services
Businesses that provide services primarily to individual customers, including retail services and personal services.