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25 terms

AP U.S. Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
BOSTON MASSACRE
the colonists telled insults and threw snowballs at some British soldiers; the redcoats fired into a crowd, killing five patriots
TOLERATION ACT
Maryland law giving religious freedom to all Christians
WRITS OF ASSISTANCE
warrants permitting the British to search colonial homes for smuggled goods
COMITTEE OF CORRESPONDENCE
members exchanged letters telling local anti-British activities in the years before the Revolutionary War.
PILGRIMS
they seprated form the church of england, and calme to AMerica for religious freedom; before landing at Plymouth, Massachuisetts, the people set forth rules for theier colony in the Mayflower COmpact; the colonists and Indians celebrated the first Thanksgiving in 1621
LEXINGTON&CONCORD
Paul Revere and William Dawes warned the minutemen that the redcoats were marching out of Bostonl; the colonists met the British and fought the opening battles of the American Revolution in these towns
INTOLERABLE ACTS
when the patriots staged the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed these harsh laws to punish the people of Massachusetts
BOYCOTT
a refusal to buy goods in order to force a change in policy; the colonists used this tactic to get Parliament to repeal some of its strict trade and tax policies
JAMESTOWN
it was the first permanent English settlemnet in America; because of the strict rules set forth by John Smith--"no work, no food"-- the colonists survuved the "starving time"
FRENCH&INDIAN WAR
the British and the Americans together drove the French from North America after winning the Battle at Quebec
PARLIAMENT
lawmaking body in Great Britian which taxed the colonies and limited trade
PURITANS
left England and settled in the Boston area; started the Massachusetts Bay Colony in order to enjoy freedom of religion
MAYFLOWER COMPACT
document granting permission to start a colony in America
TOWN MEETING
the gathering of people in a New England town for the purpose of marking their own local laws
DECLERATION OF INDEPENDENCE
announced that the new "United States of America" was an independent country free of British rule
CHARTER
agreement among the Pilgrims which set up their own government
HOUSE OF BURGESSES
first representative government in America; voters in Virginia elected their own lawmakers
SONS OF LIBERTY
harassed British tax collectors and other officials; dumped tea into Boston harbor
NEW NETHERLAND
Dutch colony seized by the English and renamed New York
NORTHWEST PASSAGE
a short-cut through North America to Asia, which the explorers hoped to find
FUNDAMENTAL ORDERS OF CONNECTICUT
the first constitution--written plan of governement--- in America
LINE OF DEMARCATION
it sepeated newly discoverd lands around the world between Spain and Portugal; it was drawn by the Pope in order to avoid disputes over land claims which might lead to war
REVOLUTIONARY WAR
conflict in which Americans defeated the British, and became an independent nation
MERCANTILISM
economic system used by the British, and became an independent nation
NAVIGATION ACTS
laws which required the colonies to trade mostly with England