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59 terms

Exam 6 - Respiratory System

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bronchiectasis
A disease characterized by bronchial dilation that usually leads to secondary infection is:
mediastinoscopy
The visual examination of the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, and thymus is:
percussion
Gently tapping the chest with fingers to determine the position, size, or consistency of underlying structures is called:
True
Inflammation of the pleural membranes is called pleurisy.
coal, coal dust
anthrac/o
pleur/o
pleura
atel/o
incomplete, imperfect
coni/o
dust
orth/o
straight
cyan/o
blue
pector/o
chest
spir/o
breathe
phren/o
diaphragm, mind
lob/o
lobe
pneum/o
air, lung
alveol/o
alveolus (plural- alveoli)
empyema
The presence of pus in the pleural cavity is:
anosmia
The term for absence of smell is:
rale
An abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation is a/an:
-ptysis
A suffix that means spitting is:
pulmonary edema
The accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli is:
cystic fibrosis
The sweat test is used to diagnose:
pulmonary capillaries
The diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide into and out of the blood occurs in the:
parietal pleura
The outermost membrane that lines the thoracic cavity is the:
exhalation
The expelling of carbon dioxide from the lungs is called:
True
Infant respiratory distress syndrome is also called hyaline membrane disease.
coryza
The term that means head cold is:
oximetry
Which of the following is a noninvasive test that monitors the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen?
atelectasis
collapsed or airless lung
empyema
pus in the pleural cavity
surfactant
phospholipid that allows the lungs that expand with ease
consolidation
solidification of the lungs
emphysema
disease characterized by decrease in alveolar elasticity
epistaxis
nosebleed, nasal hemorrhage
pertussis
whooping cough
polysomnography
test of sleep cycles and stages
antihistamines
relieve nasal congestion and seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms
antitussives
relieve or suppress coughing
decongestants
decrease mucous membrane swelling to alleviate nasal stuffiness
expectorants
reduce the viscosity of the sputum to facilitate productive coughing
septoplasty
surgery to correct a deviated nasal septum
pneumonectomy
excision of the entire lung
stridor
Which of the following is a high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or by an obstruction in the upper airway?
-capnia
The suffix for carbon dioxide is:
chest
The combining form thorac/o means:
antral lavage
The irrigation of paranasal sinuses with a stream of water or other fluid is called:
hypercapnia
Excess carbon dioxide in blood is:
True
Postural drainage involves positioning a patient so gravity aids in the discharge of secretions from bronchi.
-phonia
The suffix for voice is:
True
Ventilation is the movement of air into and out of the lungs.
nosebleed
The term epistaxis means:
mediastinum
The space in the chest between the lungs is the:
paroxysm
The term that means sudden recurrence or intensification of a disease is:
rapid
The prefix tachy- means:
True
The membrane lying over the lungs is the visceral pleura.
Mantoux test
Which of the following is an intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity?:
pneumonia
The term that refers to an inflammatory condition of the lungs is:
emphysema
The inability of alveoli to contract because of their decreased elasticity is:
the sense of smell
Olfactory means pertaining to: