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Arts and Humanities
Foundational Perspectives of Education
Terms in this set (63)
Father of American Education- All schools should teach common set of beliefs and moral values.
Common School Movement
The movement to provide universal education and schools that would serve children at public expense.
Separation of Church and State
Public funding would not extend to religious oriented schools.
"Those who forget the past are doomed to repeat it."
Education that was delivered in the homes of women, usually consisting of the basics of reading and writing.
Latin Grammar Schools
Early schools that followed a classical curriculum consisting mainly of Latin and Latin texts, with some Greek.
helped fill important functions in a new and developing country which required an "active, participatory, and literate populace."
Proposed first idea of an academy. Advocated for "practical nature of learning" skills to help in real life, education should serve citizens in their endeavors.
Schools that followed a practical curriculum rather than a classical curriculum focused solely on Latin, and Latin readings.
Only with an educated populace could a free government and foundation of democracy be secure.
School was viewed as so important they were subsidized by government and supported by local taxes.
Access to education- common school universal education emerged.
Cross-age peer tutoring system. Older students would instruct younger students under guidance of an educated adult teacher.
Schooling that was designed to prepare students for life in the world of work, with an emphasis on conformity, following directions, rote learning, and memorization and strict rules of comportment.
Set up for poor, working class children. Costs absorbed by state.
Social Development Theory
Six developmental stages
Cognitive development- four stages of development
Three Modes of Representation- series of developmental steps or stages children encounter as they mature.
Taxonomy of Educational Objectives.
Improving vocational education for African Americans
Booker T Washington
Educating young children- Casa de Bambini
Ella Flagg Young
First female president of NEA
Learn the basic facts regarding the social and physical world
All learning is active, intellectual, social, and emotional. Curriculum should begin with child's interests and experiences.
All learning should be focused on unchanging principles or great ideas.
Schools should aim to foster active participants in society through a study of social problems and aim to create a more just society.
Ethic of Care
A philosophy of education based on the commitment to caring
Humanistic theory of education
Children's minds= Blank Slate, non-threatening learning environment
"Knowledge is Virtue"
21st Century Framework
Partnership between NEA (National Education Association) and AASL (American Association of School Librarians) that identified the knowledge, skills, and expertise they believe students should master to be successful in this century.
Technology that supports students' learning the school curriculum.
Schools that are conducted partly or entirely online for students of traditional PK-12 school age.
National Science Foundation
*Gov Agency, "Promote the progress of science"
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
*Gov Agency, manages finances of Native American Reservations
Department of Defense (DOD)
*Gov Agency, responsible for the military and children of military staff wherever they are stationed
Department of the Interior
*Gov agency, responsible for education of children of national park employees, for Samoa, and for trust territories of Pacific.
Regional Education Laboratories
*Gov agency, 10 regional educational labs
National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)
*Non-Gov Agency, grants professional accreditation in teacher education to the school, college, or department of education that is responsible for preparing teachers and other educators.
Teacher Education Accreditation Council
*Non-Gov Agency, offers accreditation to teacher education programs.
Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (InTASC)
*Non-Gov Agency, 10 standards what teachers should know and be able to do.
National Education Association (NEA)
*Non-Gov, largest teacher's organization, improving work conditions
American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
*non-gov, second largest teachers union
*non-gov, grant accreditation on a university's financial status, student services, and general studies curriculum.
English language learner.
Separate, relatively self-contained educational interventions designed to meet the academic and transitional needs of students new to American schools.
Sheltered English Instruction
An instructional approach used to make instruction in English understandable to ELL students.
Structured English Immersion Program
ELL student can succeed in an English-only mainstream classroom. All instruction in an immersion strategy program is in English.
places ELL students in a regular English-only classroom with little or no support services based on the theory that they will pick up English naturally.
ELL students have to be provided with appropriate accommodations to support their learning as outlined in the standards.
Remove students from mainstream classrooms for a portion of the day in order to give them specialized instruction in English.
An educational program that provides instruction in English and a second language.
An educational strategy that uses English and the native language of students in classroom instruction
Content-Based English as second language
Designed to provide second-language learners instruction in content and language.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Federal legislation protecting the rights of students with disabilities to receive a free, appropriate education that meets their needs.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Federal legislation protecting the rights of children and adults with disabilities in society at large, rather than only in educational settings.
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
Students with disabilities are to be educated in the learning environment that poses the fewest restrictions on their lives as students and that provides the most opportunities for interaction with nondisabled peers.
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
A legal document defining the educational program and related services fora specific student who has a disability.
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