Exam 1 (Abnormal Psychology)
Terms in this set (62)
Causes of psychopathology
No single explanation adequately accounts for complex human behavior. abnormal behaviors result from interactions among various Biological, Psychological,Social, and Sociocultural factors.
difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning
Classical conditioning pairs two stimuli, while operant conditioning pairs behavior and response.
Zar, brain fag, dhat syndrome
Culture-bound disorders related to either somatic symptom or dissociative disorders include
Distress, Dysfunction, Deviant, Dangerous
4 factors in measuring abnormal behavior
(the 4 D's)
Cultural Considerations in Abnormality
When measuring abnormality it is important to ask if the behavior statistically unusual to the culture of the patient
belief that things differ from culture to culture
Sociopolitical Considerations in Abnormality
examining patients political society effect on their behavior
frequency of mental disorders
24.8 % of adults have diagnosable mental disorders. 57 % of adults with severe mental disorders are not recieving or seeking treatment
burden of mental disorders
social stigmatization ,stereotyping, self stigmatization,stress from disorder itself
Mental illness in the Middle ages
attributed a wide of abnormal symptoms and behaviors to demonic possession. People displaying symptoms were held at least partly responsible for their misfortune. Ex; trephining, exorcisms
percentage of population with depressive disorder
percentage of population with schitzophrenia
percentage of population with anxiety
asserted the belief that mental illness is a myth, a fictional creation society uses to control and change people
difference between psychology and psychiatry
pyschiatritrists are more medical and prescribe drugs and psychologist are more therapy based giving tests, and doing research
Criticism of empirically based treatments
Not all symptoms are completely evident
a psychology concerned not only with weakness and damage but also with strength and virtue
Biological, Social , Psychological, Sociocultural
chemical imbalances cause mental health issues.
epigenetics is focused on understanding how enviornmentaal and genes effect mental health issue
Bio-based treatment techniques
medication, electric shock therapy , nerve stimulation, brain surgery
managed health care
refers to the industrialization of health care, whereby insurance organizations in the private sector monitor and control the delivery of services
view mental dissorders as the result of childhood trauma. Freud
originally characterized much of human behavior as atempts to express, gratify or defend against sexual impulses
operates from seeking pleasure and gratfication . impulsive
represents realistic rational part of mind
ruled by moralistic considerations
Concerned with the role of learning in abnormal behavior
An arbitrary stimulus is associated with an award or punishment.
changing behavior choices in response to consequences
The addition of something unpleasant.
removal (taking away) of something pleasant
reward that follows desired behaviors
Rewarding people by taking away unpleasant things
how our thoughts influence our emotions and behaviors
The process of gathering evidence to test and refine scientific theories.
procedures that test the hypothesis
assessing the relationship between two variables
Objective Personality tests
Standard sets of questions that are scored using an agreed on scoring key (ex: MMPI2)
Projective personality tests
Freud, ink blot test, ambiguous stimuli
reliability and validity
reliability does not guarantee validity
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
interfere with everyday functioning
Anxiety symptoms turn into an anxiety disorder when they ____.
Larry is so afraid of being alone in public places that he cannot bring himself to leave his house. The mere thought of leaving produces overwhelming panic. Larry probably suffers from ?
What is the first step in treating anxiety disorders?
ruling out possible medical or physical causes
acute stress disorder
Ramon saw a therapist because he was reliving a traumatic experience and trying to avoid reminders of it for two weeks. The onset of his problem occurred three weeks after he was brutally assaulted and robbed. The therapist would most likely diagnose Ramon with which disorder?
_________ is characterized by the presentation of oneself to others as ill or impaired through the recurrent falsification of physical or psychological symptoms.
Culture-bound disorders related to either somatic symptom or dissociative disorders include the following except:
an unintended result of therapy
Saying that dissociative identity disorder is IATROGENIC means that it is ____.
Feigning illness for an external purpose is called ________
Illness Anxiety Disorder was previously called ______
Eduardo was rushed to the emergency room with symptoms of chest pains, breathlessness, sweating, choking, nausea, and heart palpitations. He believed he was having a heart attack. After a thorough examination, he was told that physically he was fine. However, he was apparently suffering from ____.
Ph.D. or Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologists have which degree?
Reliable measures are
seen as a manifestation of gods will
During the Middle Ages, mental illness was ____.
The inkblot test is a _______ measure
_____________ paired a bell tone with the presentation of food.
true or false :According to your textbook, well-designed studies do not support a link between vaccines and autism.
Unlike behaviors in classical conditioning, operant behaviors are __
voluntary and contollable
Which perspective is not really a systemized school of thought, but instead, is more like a set of attitudes that emphasizes the individual's quest for meaning and personal responsibility for choices?
Dr. Alcott makes the following statement about Janet's depression: "Your depression may be due to your misperception of this unfortunate situation and your tendency to blame yourself for events that are beyond your control. What we need to do is help you to recognize and modify your irrational beliefs." Dr. Alcott's comments are characteristic of the ____.
Which of the following increases the frequency of a behavior because it removes or reduces an aversive (punishing) event?