Chapter 3 Culture & Mass Media

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1. The beliefs, norms, behaviors, and products common to the members of a particular group are referred to as ______.
b. culture
2. The physical objects important to a culture, such as homes, games, and substances found in the local environment, are referred to as ______.
c. material culture
3. Creations that encompass the beliefs, norms, and values of a culture are referred to as ______.
b. nonmaterial culture
4. Which of the following is NOT an example of material culture?
d. polite table manners
5. Which of the following is NOT an example of nonmaterial culture?
a. textbooks
6. Particular ideas that people accept as true are referred to as ______.
d. beliefs
7. Common rules of a culture that govern the behavior of people belonging to it are referred to as
c. norms
8. Which of the following is NOT considered a type of norm?
b. beliefs
9. Which of the following examples would be considered a violation of a more?
b. coming to class intoxicated
10. Which of the following would be considered a violation of a folkway?
b. not offering your bus seat to an elderly person
11. Norm violations that offend beyond the level of a more are referred to as ______.
c. taboos
12. Which of the following would be considered a taboo in American society?
d. a political official cheating on his or her spouse with an intern
13. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of laws?
a. based on static norms that are shared by all
14. Abstract and general standards in society that define ideal principles such as right and wrong are referred to as ______.
d. values
15. Which of the following would be considered an American value?
c. Everyone deserves an equal chance to succeed.
16. American society professes to embrace marital fidelity as a value, yet many individuals are unfaithful to their spouses in practice. This is an example of ______.
b. cultural inconsistency
17. Which cultural perspective most likely leads to ethnocentrism?
b. etic
18. Which perspective allows the sociologist to rigorously examine the roots of cultural practices?
d. cultural relativism
19. The rituals of the Nacirema can best be compared to which culture?
c. American
20. A culture that exists together with a dominant culture but differs from it in some important respects is referred to as a(n) ______.
b. subculture
21. Which of the following would NOT be considered counterculture?
d. federal laws and guidelines
22. Letters, words, images, rituals, or actions are examples of ______.
b. symbols
23. What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?
a. Our language, the words we use, shapes our perception of the social world.
24. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of language?
a. It is not tied to cultural objects and practices.
25. Which of the following would NOT be characteristic of a functionalist perspective of shared language?
c. It can lead to disruptive social change.
26. Embracing cultural diversity and recognizing that it enriches a country is referred to as ______.
a. multiculturalism
27. Which of the following does NOT represent a commitment to multiculturalism?
b. encouraging a first-generation student to teach his or her parents to speak English
28. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the mass media?
d. not many people consume it
29. Culture that is associated with the wealthier, more educated classes in society is referred to as ______.
c. high culture
30. Objects of mass consumption in society are referred to as ______.
b. popular culture
31. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of rape culture?
b. victims' attire
32. The advantages and disadvantages passed down from generation to generation are referred to as ______.
b. social-class reproduction
33. Which of the following would NOT be considered a valuable form of cultural capital in dominant U.S. high culture?
a. knowing how to operate a tractor-trailer truck
34. The ways in which people come to want that which their own experiences and those of the people who surround them suggest they can realistically have are referred to as ______.
d. habitus
35. Which of the following is NOT considered a characteristic of global culture?
c. limited to Western countries in Europe, North America, and Australia
36. Which of the following statements does NOT reflect a conflict perspective on globalization?
d. The spread of large corporations promotes stability and integration as people share similar working conditions.
37. Which of the following statements does NOT represent a functionalist view of globalization?
b. Small, independent eateries that serve food will be replaced by chain restaurants, resulting in the loss of indigenous cuisine.
38. Symbols are only written words, spoken languages, and images; actions and rituals would not be considered symbols.
FALSE
39. People can both shape and be shaped by culture.
TRUE
40. Beliefs need to be objectively true.
FALSE
41. Violating a more is not considered offensive, as these are weak norms passed down from the
past that people do not consider that important.
FALSE
42. Deeply entrenched values can be powerful and, in some cases, dangerous, as they are often used to justify or defend certain behaviors.
TRUE
43. Because ideal cultural values, norms, and beliefs are often not reflective of real practices, they have little to no effect on how we perceive the world.
FALSE
44. The social organization of our lives is not "natural." Rather, our norms, values, and practices are socially constructed.
TRUE
45. According to Pierre Bourdieu's theory of social-class reproduction, the class one is born in is not necessarily important in determining what class one ends up in.
FALSE
46. Rape culture is just a theory; it does not reflect the actual prevalence of rape in the United States.
FALSE
47. According to some sociologists, we do not really have free will in the traditional sense. Our "choices" are limited by what is realistically made available to us based on larger structure.
TRUE
48. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis posits that a language will reflect the importance of objects and practices in a culture.
TRUE
49. High-culture tastes are natural and transmitted at birth. A person may change economic classes, but that person will never be able to change cultural class.
FALSE
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