AP LATIN- Literary Devices
Terms in this set (33)
Repetition of the same letter at the beginning of words or syllables, usually at the beginning of 2 or more successive words
EX: Veni, vidi, vici
Repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis, usually at the beginning of successive phrases/clauses.
EX: Ut spolia, ut currus, utque ipsum corpus amici
Inversion of usual word order. Enables writer to place words in a framing position for sound or emphasis.
EX: Tantae animis caelestibus irae?
Breaking off in the middle of a sentence, wherein the speaker is seemingly overwhelmed with some excessive emotion.
EX: Quos ego---! Sed motos praestat componere fluctus
Addressing a person who is not present
EX: O patria, O divum domus Ilium!
Omission of conjunctions
EX: Chartae regiae, novi libri, novi umbilici, lora rubra, membranae.
ABBA arrangement of words
EX: obviaque adversas vibrabant flamina vestes
Omission of words
EX: Hic amor, haec patria est.
Use of two nouns together to express a noun modified by an adjective
EX: Da fortunam atque viam
EX: Fluctusque ad sidera tollit
Placing first what the reader might expect to come last
EX: Moriamus et in media arma ruamus
Use of negative to express a strong positive
EX: Neque enim ignari sumus
Expression of meaning through an image
EX: Ignes interiorem edunt medullam
Substitution of one word for another that is suggests
EX: Arma virumque cano
Use of words that sound like their meaning
EX: Magnum cum murmure montis
Use of apparent contradiction
EX: Insaniens sapientiae
Attribution of human characteristics to something not human
EX: Aeolus luctantes ventos imperio premit
Use of superfluous words
EX: Sic ore effata
Use of many conjunctions
EX: Eurusque Notusque ruunt creberque
Use of word sooner than it would logically appear
EX: Summersas obrue puppes
Comparison using a word like sicut, similis, velut
EX: Vitas inuleo me similis, Chloe
Use of part to express a whole
EX: Incute vim ventis summersasque obrue puppes
The separation of a compound word into two parts
EX: Bis collo squamea circum terga dati
Combination of three elements, increasing in size
EX: Veni, Vidi, Vici
Use of one word in two different senses simultaneously
EX: Studium atque aures adhibere posset
A narrative in which abstract ideas figure as circumstances or persons
EX: The personification of Fama in Book 4 of Aeneid
A digression vividly describing a new place, object, or event.
EX: Description of Aeneas' shield in Book 8
In verse, the building of suspense by postponing to the next line a significant word or words related to the previous line. A run-on line.
EX: Litora- multum ille et terris iactatus et alto vi superum
The expression of something contrary to what is intended.
EX: Iunone secunda
Repetition of either the same word in different forms.
EX: Illum absens absentem auditque videtque
Interlocked word order of the ABAB pattern
EX: Saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram
An adjective that agrees grammatically with one noun but is placed close to and shares its meaning with another noun
EX: Saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked to make a point rather than to elicit an answer. Though a rhetorical question does not require a direct answer, in many cases it may be intended to start a discussion or at least draw an acknowledgement that the listener understands the intended message.
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