AP LATIN- Literary Devices
Terms in this set (33)
Repetition of the same letter at the beginning of words or syllables, usually at the beginning of 2 or more successive words
EX: Veni, vidi, vici
Repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis, usually at the beginning of successive phrases/clauses.
EX: Ut spolia, ut currus, utque ipsum corpus amici
Inversion of usual word order. Enables writer to place words in a framing position for sound or emphasis.
EX: Tantae animis caelestibus irae?
Breaking off in the middle of a sentence, wherein the speaker is seemingly overwhelmed with some excessive emotion.
EX: Quos ego---! Sed motos praestat componere fluctus
Addressing a person who is not present
EX: O patria, O divum domus Ilium!
Omission of conjunctions
EX: Chartae regiae, novi libri, novi umbilici, lora rubra, membranae.
ABBA arrangement of words
EX: obviaque adversas vibrabant flamina vestes
Omission of words
EX: Hic amor, haec patria est.
Use of two nouns together to express a noun modified by an adjective
EX: Da fortunam atque viam
EX: Fluctusque ad sidera tollit
Placing first what the reader might expect to come last
EX: Moriamus et in media arma ruamus
Use of negative to express a strong positive
EX: Neque enim ignari sumus
Expression of meaning through an image
EX: Ignes interiorem edunt medullam
Substitution of one word for another that is suggests
EX: Arma virumque cano
Use of words that sound like their meaning
EX: Magnum cum murmure montis
Use of apparent contradiction
EX: Insaniens sapientiae
Attribution of human characteristics to something not human
EX: Aeolus luctantes ventos imperio premit
Use of superfluous words
EX: Sic ore effata
Use of many conjunctions
EX: Eurusque Notusque ruunt creberque
Use of word sooner than it would logically appear
EX: Summersas obrue puppes
Comparison using a word like sicut, similis, velut
EX: Vitas inuleo me similis, Chloe
Use of part to express a whole
EX: Incute vim ventis summersasque obrue puppes
The separation of a compound word into two parts
EX: Bis collo squamea circum terga dati
Combination of three elements, increasing in size
EX: Veni, Vidi, Vici
Use of one word in two different senses simultaneously
EX: Studium atque aures adhibere posset
A narrative in which abstract ideas figure as circumstances or persons
EX: The personification of Fama in Book 4 of Aeneid
A digression vividly describing a new place, object, or event.
EX: Description of Aeneas' shield in Book 8
In verse, the building of suspense by postponing to the next line a significant word or words related to the previous line. A run-on line.
EX: Litora- multum ille et terris iactatus et alto vi superum
The expression of something contrary to what is intended.
EX: Iunone secunda
Repetition of either the same word in different forms.
EX: Illum absens absentem auditque videtque
Interlocked word order of the ABAB pattern
EX: Saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram
An adjective that agrees grammatically with one noun but is placed close to and shares its meaning with another noun
EX: Saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked to make a point rather than to elicit an answer. Though a rhetorical question does not require a direct answer, in many cases it may be intended to start a discussion or at least draw an acknowledgement that the listener understands the intended message.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Academic English (SAT GMAT TOEIC TOEFL IELTS)
Latin Literary Devices
Figures of Speech
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Curriculum Review SUNY 102
Vergil Vocab. Final exam passage
Aeneid I 12 - 38 (Final exam passage) QED
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Latin: Aeneid Rhetorical Devices
IB Latin Command Terms
Latin Cases and Noun Endings