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57 terms

Medterm Chapter 9

STUDY
PLAY
coccyx
tailbone
subluxation
incomplete or partial dislocation
rickets
softening of the bones caused by vitamin deficiency
spondylolisthesis
slipped vertebrae
claudication
lameness, limping
muscular dystrophy
degeneration of the muscles
talipes
congenital deformity of the foot, which is twisted out of shape or position
prosthesis
artificial part used for replacement of missing limb
hypotonia
loss of muscular tonicity
greenstick fracture
bone that is partially bent and partially broken; occurs in children
kyphosis
abnormal curvature of spine (hunchback)
osteoporosis
decrease in bone density; occurs in elderly
comminuted fracture
bone that has splintered into pieces
phantom limb
perceived sensation following amputation that limb still exists
gout
metabolic disease caused by accumulation of uric acid, usually a big toe
necrosis
death cells, tissues, or organs
myasthenia gravis
chronic neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness manifested in ocular muscles
The plural form of pelvis is:
pelves
Rheumatoid arthritis is believed to be an autoimmune disease
True
osteoblasts
bone-forming cells
ganglion cyst
A tumor of the tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist,
meatus
An opening or passageway
ankyl/o
stiffness, bent, cooked
arthr/o
joint
my/o
muscle
lord/o
curve
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
thorac/o
chest
cephal/o
head
dactyl/o
fingers, toes
ped/o
foot
rhabdomy/o
striated (skeletal) muscle
diaphysis
The shaft or the long, main portion of the bone
arthroplasty
The surgical repair of a joint
Osteoarthritis often produces hard nodules at the distal interphalangeal joints.
True
The body movement that turns the palm down is:
pronation
sarcoma
A malignant tumor arising from bone
femor/o
thigh bone
tuberosity
large, rounded process on a bone
A type of fracture that involves a broken bone causing an external wound is called:
open
ankylosis
The stiffening and immobility of a joint is called:
supination
The action of turning the palm up is called:
spondylitis
Inflammation of the vertebrae
phalang/o
bones of fingers and toes
calcane/o
heel bone
Paget disease is also known as osteitis deformans.
True
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone and bone marrow.
True
diarthroses
freely movable joint
lordosis
abnormal condition of a swayback posture
-clasis
to break or surgical fracture
scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spine
laminectomy
surgical procedure to relieve symptoms of a ruptured disc
brachi/o
arm
plantar felxion
An action that lowers the foot and points the toes is called:
Another term for articulation is:
joint