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AP Lang terms 1
Terms in this set (40)
Modes of discourse
Umbrella term for the 4 categories of writing into which all writing falls. Determined by purpose.
to entertain and enlighten
to describe through the senses
to seek agreement/ to convince the audience to act or to not act.
10 modes of writing/rhetorical strategies
components of a text. determined by purpose
to explain your subject with instances
evaluate your subject by showing readers similarities and differences between it and another subject
to inform readers how to do something or how it works
to study the parts of a subject to better understand the whole
to help readers see order in your subject by showing the groups it can be sorted into
to explain the reasons for or consequences of a subject
to explain the meaning of your subject by tracing its boundaries
In the most general sense (a short phrase) what is the test abot
What is the historical context of the text? Written in response to what? Why has the speaker chosen to voice him or herself at this particular point in time?
For whom is the text written and what is their relationship to the speaker ? Look for clues!
Is it to entertain and enlighten? To describe? To inform? To argue or persuade? Link the primary Mode of Discourse to the subject
Who is the person speaking? What biases does he or she reveal and what is his relationship to the audience?
The speakers attitude toward the subject. Be as specific as possible. Also keep in mind the tone can shift
Strategies, Techniques, devices. The literary, poetic, stylistic, and rhetorical tricks.
Appeals intertwined in arguments.
Appeal to logic; supportive data and evidence , concrete detail- specific
Appeal to credibility. Important for both argument and persuasion
appeal to emotion; detail that plays on love, sympathy, fear etc. Key for convincing persuasion
Art of affective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially for the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
The dictionary definition of a word
The personal and cultural association to word brings with it
Vernacular, dialect, local color, regionalism, colloquialism
Using the native and or informal language of a country or place
Using an inoffensive term in place of an offensive term
Hey thing that exists before another; and grammar, the noun the pronoun replaces
How a writers sentences unfold
Deliberate repetition of a sound, word, phrase, or sentence for emphasis
A sentence that makes complete sense it brought to an end even before the final.
A sentence that only makes sense when the end of the sentence is reached
Deliberate use of a sentence fragment for special emphasis
A question asked without expectation of an answer
Repetition of a grammatical structure; provides rhythm, balance, and unity within a text
Two opposing ideas presented in parallel structure
Normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases place next to one another, creating an effective surprise and wit