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Canadian History, Achievements & Challenges
Terms in this set (34)
a severe, world wide economic crisis which lasted from the end of 1929 to the outbreak of World War II.
prime minister of Canada, 7 August 1930 to 23 October 1935.
W. L. Mackenzie King
politician, prime minister of Canada 1921-26, 1926-30 and 1935-48.
Political Party which advocated the distribution of money, or "social credit">
J. S. Woodsworth
Methodist minister, social worker, politician; First leader of the Cooperative Commonwealth federation (CCF)
refers to government benefit payments during a period of unemployment.
formed in 1920 by Ontario and prairie farmers. It broke the 2-party pattern of federal politics in the 1921 election.
formed to contest the 1935 provincial election in Québec. Its leader was Maurice Duplessis.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Begun on 2 November 1936.
bill; cost; charge.
New Democratic Party (NDP
founded in Ottawa in 1961 at a convention uniting the CCF and several labour unions.
Old Age Pensions
Begun in 1927. It paid up to $20 per month, depending on other income and assets.
Raid across the English Channel (19 Aug 1942) on the small French port of Dieppe.
Battle of Ortona
Occured from 20-27 December 1943 as part of the general advance of Gen Montgomery's Eighth Army up the Italian Adriatic coast.
On 6 June 1944, Canadian Troops were part of the Allied forces which attacked the Normandy coast of France in OperationOverlord.
anadian landing beach during the Normandy invasion. Canadians penetrated about 9 km inland by the end of D-Day.
One of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history in 1956.
Canada's 13th prime minister was an eloquent spokesman for "nonestablishment" Canada both as a lawyer and as a politician.
premier of Québec 1958 to 1956. Known as the father of the Quiet Revolution.
A period of rapid change experienced in Québec from 1960 to 1966.
Canada's foremost diplomat in the 1950'sy. A skilled politician, he rebuilt the Liberal Party and as prime minister strove to maintain Canada's national unity.
Canada Pension Plan
legislated in 1965 was an earnings-related public pension plan that transfers income from workers to the retired.
Canada-US Automotive Products Agreement
A free-trade agreement signed by Canada and the US in 1965 to create a single North American market for passenger cars, trucks, buses, tires and automotive parts.
Conservative Party leader from 1967 to 1976.
Prime minister of Canada 1968-79 and 1980-84.
1970 October Crisis
kidnapping on 5 October 1970 of James Cross and Piere Laporte by members of the Front de Liberatiion du Quebec. (FLQ)
Term that came into public consciousness with the appointment of the Royal Commission in 1963.
Journalist, premier of Québec 1976-85
Québec nationalist party, formed in 1968, with a mandate to separate from Canada.
1980 Québec Referendum
Called by the Parti Quebecois (PQ) government, was held on 20 May 1980 to ask the people of Québec for a mandate to negotiate, on an equal footing, a new agreement with the rest of Canada.
Canadian Charter Of Rights and Freedoms
Came into force on 17 April 1982. The only Charter of Rights entrenched in the Canadian Constitution
Lawyer, politician, prime minister of Canada 1984 to 1993.
Meech Lake Accord
Constitutional Accord of 1987 which ultimately failed.
a failed agreement on constitutional change made between the provinces and the federal government in 1992.
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