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to set free, absolve, having no restriction, exception, or qualification; regarded as independent of and unrealted to anything else; modifies the rest of the sentence, not the subject
ad hominem argument
against the man; a claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irrelevant fact about the author of or the person presenting the claim or argument.
ad vericundiam appeal
testimony of an authority (like a celebrity) outside of his special field based upon his prestige - snob appeal
a short but memorable saying that holds some important fact of experience that is considered true by many people
a form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meaning that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas as charity, greed, or envy. Thus an allegory is a sotry with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning.
double back; the reptition of a word or phrase that appears at the end of a sentence or clause at the beginning of the next sentence or clause.
the compariosn of two pairs which have the same relationship hot is to cold as fire is to hot
the use of a member of one word class (part of speech) as if it were a member of another, thus altering its meaning. I.e. using a noun as a verb.
the rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences
placing side by side two co-coordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.
a perfectly balanced sentence has two clauses that are balanced in lengthm importance, and even structure, creating parallelism and flow; not all balanced sentences are as pure.
a character who exhibits dynamic change throughout the course of as story's action
a shallow character, one who is 2D so to speak and only shows us a limited aspect of their being.
a character who exhibits no considerable change throughout the course of a story's action
an attempt to support a statement by simply repeating the statement in different or stronger terms.
a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, esp. one intended to be acted on the stage; a play.
the omission of a word in such a way that the meaning and flow are not disrupted because they are implied in the context.
grammatically incomplete clause in the sense that they are missing either the relative pronoun (dependent word) that normally introduces such a clause or something from the predicate in the second part of a comparison. The missing parts of the elliptical clause can be guessed from the context and most readers are not aware that anything is missing. In fact, elliptical clauses are regarded as both useful and correct, even in formal prose, because they are often elegant efficient means of expression.
noting or pertaining to a long poetic composition, usually cetered upon a hero, in which a series of great achievements or events is narrated in elevated style.
a statement, or any brief saying in prose or poetry, in which there is an apparent contradiction. A very short, satirical and witty poem usually written as a brief couplet or quatrain
imposed; a descriptor sometimes attached to a person's name or appear in place of their name; glorified nickname
referring to something intense, perhapes even harsh, in lighter, perhaps less painful, terms
an expression, that is a term or phrase whose meaning cannot be deduced from the literal definitions and the arrangement of its parts, but refers instead to a figurative meaning that is known only through common use.
any sentence in which the normal word order is reversed, with the verb coming before the subject or the complete subject and predicate coming after another clause.
the use of a single word in such a way that it is syntactically related to words elsewhere in the sentence, but has a different meaning in relation to each of the other words/
particular kind of argument containing three categorical propositions, two of them premises, one a conclusion
the description of one kind of sense perception using words that describe another kind of sense perception
needless repetition of an idea, especially in the words other than those of the immediate context, without imparting additional force or clearness.
the joining of two or more parts of a sentence with a single common verb or noun. A zeugma employs both ellipsis, the omission of words which are easily understood, and parallelism, the balance of several words or phrases. The result is a series of similar phrases joined or yoked together by a common and implied noun or verb.
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