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Ch. 8 Key Terms
Terms in this set (19)
(793-864) A Japanese monk who traveled to China between 838 and 847 to obtain original Buddhist texts.
Overland routes through Central Asia connecting China and India, as well as the sea routes around Southeast Asia, along which were transmitted teachings, technologies, and languages.
Temple-based religious system that arose between 300 and 700 in India. Hinduism has two dimensions: public worship in temples to deities such as Shiva and Vishnu, and daily private worship in the home.
Buddhist term denoting a being headed for Buddhahood who postpones it to help others.
(ca. 320-600) Indian dynasty based in north India; emulated the earlier Mauryan dynasty and revived the use of the Sanskrit language. The Gupta kings pioneered a new type of religious gift: land grants to Brahmin priests and Hindu temples.
Literally "personal devotion or love," a term for Hindu poetry or cults that emphasize a strong personal tie between the deity and a devotee, and did not use priests as intermediaries.
A Sanskrit name, meaning "chief priest," for the learned men who brought Hinduism and Buddhism from India to Southeast Asia.
Khmer-speaking dynasty in what is now Cambodia founded by Jayavarman II. His combination of Hindu and Buddhist imagery proved so potent that it was used by all later Angkor kings.
(d. 349) Central Asian Buddhist missionary who persuaded the ruler Shi Le to convert to Buddhism; Shi Le's decision to grant tax-free land to Buddhist monasteries was a crucial first step in the establishment of Buddhism in China.
Dynasty (618-907) that represented a political and cultural high point in Chinese history. The Tang emperors combined elements of the Qin/Han blueprint for empire with new measures to create a model of governance that spread to Tibet, Korea, and Japan.
The basis of the Tang dynasty tax system as prescribed in the Tang Code. Dividing households into nine ranks on the basis of wealth, officials allocated each householder a certain amount of land.
(r. 685-705) The sole woman to rule China as emperor in her own right; she called herself emperor and founded a new dynasty, the Zhou (690-705), that replaced the Tang dynasty until her death in 705, when the Tang dynasty was restored.
Printing technique developed by the Chinese in which printers made an image in reverse on a block of wood and then pressed the block onto sheets of paper. An efficient way to print texts in Chinese characters.
(ca. 617-649/650) Founder of the Yarlung dynasty in Tibet who introduced Buddhism and an alphabet to his subjects.
Three Kingdoms Period
The period of Korean history from 313 to 668 when the Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla kingdoms all fought for control of the Korean peninsula and exercised profound cultural influence on Japan.
Korean kingdom that adopted Buddhism and united with the Tang dynasty in 660 to defeat the Koguryo and Paekche kingdoms, unifying Korea for the first time in 668.
Korean social ranking system used by the Silla dynasty that divided Korean families into seven different categories, with kings coming from only the top group.
Powerful Japanese family of Korean descent that ruled in conjunction with the Yamato clan from 587 to 645; introduced Buddhism to Japan.
An alphabet developed in the ninth century that allowed the Japanese to write the pronunciation of words in Japanese.
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