Chapter 6: Morphology

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Terms in this set (...)

morphology
the study of the forms of words
morphemes
a minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function
free morphemes
morphemes that can stand by themselves as single words, for example, open and tour (ex the care in careless)
bound morphemes
those forms that cannot normally stand alone and are typically attached to another form, exemplified as re-, -ist, -ed, -s ex (the -less in careless)
stems
the basic word forms when they are used with bound morphemes attached ex un- dress -ed
(prefix, stem, suffix)
lexical morpheme
a free morpheme that is a content word such as a noun or verb e. tiger, house
funcional morphemes
the functional words in the language such as conjunctions, prepositions, articles and pronouns ex. above because on near
derivational morphemes
these bound morphemes make new words or to make words of a different grammatical category from the stem ex. -ness makes good goodness
inflectional morphemes
not used to produce new words in the language, but rather to indicate aspects of the grammatical function of a word ex. 's, ing, en
morphemes: free-lexical and functional; bound- derivational and inflectional
morphs
the actual forms used to realize morphemes ex. the word "cat" is made of two morphs; cat and -s
allomorph
one of a closely related set of morphs ex. "cat + plural," "bus + plural,"