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Lesson 5 Vocab
Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop Level F Unit 5 Definitions, parts of speech, synonyms and antonyms. All information is copied directly from the workbook.
Terms in this set (15)
(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
s) Many political prisoners were freed under the amnesty granted by the new regime.
(n.) self-government, political control
s) Even after the thirteen colonies gained autonomy from England, many Americans clung to English traditions.
SYNONYM: home rule
ANTONYMS: dependence, subjection
(v.) to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely
s) They will blazon the results of the election across the internet and every television set in the land.
SYNONYMS: broadcast, trumpet
ANTONYMS: hide, conceal, bury
(n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
s) There is one caveat to the rules that I just presented: I will grant permission automatically to those who bribe me.
The caveat of the contract includes a penalty fee if the loan is not repaid on time.
SYNONYMS: admonition, word to the wise
(adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice
s) He did more work, so a sixty-forty split of the profits seemed an equitable arrangement.
SYNONYMS: right, reasonable, evenhanded
ANTONYMS: unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate
(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
s) The ring must have slid off my finger as I was trying to extricate the fish from the net.
SYNONYMS: disentangle, extract
ANTONYMS: enmesh, entangle
(v.) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts
s) If you filch pennies from the cash drawer, you are unlikely, after a while, to be satisfied with only pennies.
SYNONYMS: pilfer, purloin, swipe
(v.) to mock, treat with contempt
s) She chose to ignore my advice, not because she wanted to flout my beliefs, but because she had strong opinions of her own.
SYNONYMS: sneer at, snicker at, scorn
ANTONYMS: obey, honor
(n.) a rule of conduct or action
s) Many religions follow precept that it is important to treat others as you, yourself, would like to be treated.
SYNONYMS: principle, maxim
(adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome
s) The cute new puppy had a salutary effect on her health.
SYNONYMS: salubrious, curative
ANTONYMS: detrimental, deleterious
(adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm
s) Sometimes a carefully reasoned discussion does more to change people's minds than a scathing attack.
SYNONYMS: searing, harsh, savage
ANTONYMS: bland, mild
(adj.) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; (n.) something that induces sleep
s) He claimed that the musical, despite its energy, was soporific and that he had slept through the entire second act.
s) Shakespeare's Juliet drinks a soporific so as to appear to be dead--a trick she is soon to regret.
SYNONYMS: (n.) narcotic, anesthetic
ANTONYMS: (adj.) stimulating; (n.) stimulant, stimulus
(adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time
s) His bad mood was transient, and by the time he'd finished his breakfast, he was smiling
s) Many farm hands lived the lives of transient during the Great Depression.
SYNONYMS: (adj.) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent
ANTONYMS: (adj.) permanent, imperishable, immortal
(adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
s) We loaded the truck with the chairs and the coffee table, but the grand piano was too unwieldy.
SYNONYMS: bulky, clumsy, impractical
ANTONYMS: manageable, easy to handle
(adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
While critics called the movie vapid, I thought the performers were very compelling.
SYNONYMS: lifeless, colorless
ANTONYMS: zesty, spicy, colorful
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