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20th saw a rise in what
technology; greatly changed music, recordings, film, television, new styles of music- jazz, rock, hiphop
invented the cylinder disk in 1877; now quality recordings can surpass the acoustics of a live performance and highly portable
born in New Orleans; combination of African rhythms and improvisations , and European harmonies and instruments
master of orchestration; sought to create new timbres, Father of impressionistic music; wrote Violes
an artistic movement focused on sensations and perception rather direct representations; the musical parallel contains indistinct harmonies, melodies, and forms
American; recognized as a pioneer who had challenged convention and gone against the grain before other Americans embraced modernism; wrote The Unanswered Question
established a harmonic center of gravity; a harmonic sense of tension and release- a sense of resolution and closure and creates moments of consonance
Austrian who later immigrated to the US during the rise of the Nazi in the 1930's ; father of 12 tone; wrote Columbine
Russian decent and became a US citizen in '45; one of the greatest, most influential composers of the 20th century; wrote Rite of Spring
12 bar blues
a form and chord progression very popular in blues, jazz, and early rock and roll; almost always in 4-4 time
widely considered the greatest American jazz composer; best known for his composition for swing band/ big band; wrote Cotton Tail
jazz band of about 20 players consisting of a handful of saxophones, trumpets, trombones and rhythm section
a rhythm pattern of long and short notes approximating a 2 to 1 ratio- vaires from piece to piece and performer to performer
has 5 to 7 players that include horns (1 sax, trumpet, trombone) plus rhythm section (piano, bass, guitar, drums)
William Grant Still
the foremost African American composer of classical music; first African American composer to: have a symphony performed by a major American orchestra, conduct a major american orchestra, and have an opera performed by a major American opera company; wrote A black pierrot
an American composer; most famous for orchestral pieces with an American sound; wrote Rodeo
hungarian composer, immigrated to US later in life; ethnomusicologist; used musical styles/traits in his compositions that he found in his ehnomusicological research; wrote the Concerto for Orchestra from Game of Paris
the scholarly study of music that focuses on social dimensions and the ways in which music is used within and between cultures
first American born musician to lead a major symphony orchestra; virtuoso pianist; composed for the stage, concert hall, and ballet; musical; West side story music
spoken drama with a substantial amount of singing; in the U.S. also known as the Broadway musical
American; questioned the very nature of music and how music is composed; Aleatory music; musique concrete; wrote Indeterminancy
music using sounds generated by every day, real objects not normally though of as musical instruments and then manipulated electronically
a style in which a brief musical idea or group of ideas are repeated and varied incrementally over a long span of time with a relatively slow rate of change
in mid 50's he helped to create a new genre- Rock n Roll; concerts of integrated audiences promoted a greater appreciation of culctural differences ( or perhaps a lack thereof); wrote School Days
Rock and Roll
aimed at teenage audiences and was enjoyed by younsters of all races; American Bandstand and Dick Clark ;
shuffle and groove
mid-tempo rhythmic pattern, quadruple meter in which each beat is subdivided into 3 beats
most popular in mid 60s; in the early 60s best known for pop music related to swing culture; in mid 60s expanded styles to include psychedelic rock; wrote Good vibrations
music influenced by hippie movement of the 60's with its emphasis on mind-expanding drugs, brightly colored fashions, and spiritual and social freedom
to record music or sound from an existing album then samples are manipulated for pitch, duration, timbre and played back as an accompaniment for rappers' lyrics
3 elements typical of most rap
steady throbbing beat, complicated set of rhythmic patterns, syncopated lyrics
an instrument that produces sound by being struck or shaken, they can be both pitched (piano, xylophone) and non-pitched (snare drum, cow bell, conga)
born in Southern China; immigrated to US; as a composer, draws inspiration from his Chinese ancestry, combining it with traditions of western classical music; he didn't hear Bach until he was 20; wrote Farewell
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