American Football basics

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Players on a team
46
Players on the field at a time
11
Field length
100 yards
Field width
53 yards
Endzone length
10 yards
Kickoff
Starts the game
Offense
Team in possession of the ball
Defense
Team without the ball
Offense job
Move the ball up the field and try to score a point
Defense job
Prevent offense from moving the ball
Downs
Chances to move the ball 10 yards
How many downs
4
Offense moves 10 yards within 4 downs
Awarded another 4 downs to get 10 more yards
Offense fails to move the ball 10 yards within 4 downs
Defense gets the ball
Usually done on fourth down to make it harder for defense to score later on
Kicks the ball
Three teams of eleven
Offense, defense, special team
Quarterback
most important
Offensive linemen
protect the quarterback
wide receivers
run down the field to catch the ball
tight-end
blocks other players and catches the ball in the middle of the field
fullback/running back
run up the field
defensive linemen
try to move past offensive line
linebackers
stop running backs from coming through the offensive line
cornerback
stops wide receivers
safety
try and stop pass from going up the field
Special team
on field when kick involved. mix of offense and defense
Four ways to score
touchdown, extra points, field goal, safety
Touchdown
6 points
extra points
kick into goal (1), or run into end zone (2)
field goal
3 points
Safety
defense tackles an offensive player behind his own goal line (2)
quarters
4
min per quarter
15
fumble
ball carrier drops the ball
fumble recover
whichever team recovers fumble gains possession
interception
defense gains possession by catching ball meant for offense
sack
defense tackles quarterback while he has possession
incomplete pass
pass hits ground or goes out of bounds
penalty
rule broken. yards removed/added
challenge
coach throws red flag if disagrees with ruling
Challenge overruled
timeout revoked
Timeouts
3
timeout time
60 seconds