Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Sociology Exam 2
Terms in this set (74)
True or false? Nature of social reality is fixed.
False. it is agreed upon and product of social context/ norms and imposed on one and other
what is an example of disrupting social norms
facing people while in an elevator instead of walls or at your phone
nature of social reality is __________
define social reality and biological example of what happens to us when we break them.
we agree on what is expected in specific social situations- feels real and happens naturally
-if we break them however, we can actually feel a change like increased heart rate or blood pressure
how to deconstruct social construction of reality?
social construction of reality
based on how social context and social statuses of those present structure
-activity that is expected in a situation, or how are we to perform.
example of social construction of reality in a lecture
students are expected to pay attention, resist side conversations, and take notes. But this is merely situation based, the second you leave lecture performance is altered.
radical sociologists argue....
there is no true self and you simply go through different social roles throughout the day. all you are, are is interconnected set of performances across various social contexts.
_________ makes no objective difference, but draws the line between acceptable and unacceptable everyday behavior
"Bud sex" article and research by Silvia argues
-situational homosexuality does not take away from rural masculinity and does not provide a fixed sexual identity as homosexual.
-sexuality needs to be performed and is context based
social reality is not fixed, it is___________
negotiated and agreed upon
when we disrupt reality/norms, we see the power of what?
when is a situation real?
when we agree on what is expected and we follow those rules
social reality comes to be something we what?
do we perform social reality?
the social construct of reality is based on what?
how the social context and the social statuses of those present structure the activity expected in that situation (activity expected by each and every person)
what can social construct of reality be demonstrated by?
social statuses, social context, and social roles
interconnected series of performances across social context
There are __________ to not following social norms
situational homosexuality suggests what?
suggests sexuality is contextually based
What social norm is very strong in rural men?
the social norm of masculinity
"the participants reinforce their straightness through unconventional interpretation of same-sex sex as: 'helpin' a buddy out' revealing urges acting on sexual desires for men without sexual attractions. 'bud sex' captures these interpretations."
what is an example of situational homosexuality?
bud sex; if you have sex with another straight man you are not gay, the act does not inform a fixed identity
"Inevitably we construct ourselves. Let me explain. I enter this house and immediately I become: I construct myself. Tha is, I present myself to you in a form suitable teo the relationship I wish to achieve wit you. And, of course, you do the same with me."
Luigi Pirandello, an Italian Playwright from his play, The Pleasure of Honesty
What was Luigi Pirandello's main argument?
social context restrains performance
what does Erving Goffman argue?
that people shape reality intentionally
social interaction is what?
What did Erving Goffman call his perspective?
we control our appearance to show ourselves in the best light
every persons performance is a self representation
we adapt who we are based on who we are with
an ongoing negotiation between whoever you are acting with to have an impression on those people
Are we nothing more than successful at convincing others of "who we pretend to be"
"Society establishes the means of categorizing persons and the complement of attributes felt to be ordinary and natural for members of each of these categories. Social settings establish the categories of persons likely to be encountered there. The routines of social intervourse in established ssetting allow us to deal with anticipated other without special attention or thought. When a stranger comes is out presence, than, first appearances are likely to enable to us to anticipate his category and attributes, his "social identity" ... we learn on these anticipations that we have, transforming them into normative expectations."
In Stigma, another book by Goffman (1963:2), he provided a basic foundation for what?
for how social categories and the situation (or context) structure social interaction
West and Zimmerman argued what
gender is performed and product of interactions with one another
anchors for gender
Gender specific pens, razors, aprons
"determination made through socially agreed upon biological criteria for classifying persons as females or males
dependent on sex classification, but "established and sustained by the socially required identificatory displays that proclaim one's membership
"managing situated conduct in light of normative conceptions... appropriate for one's sex category"
Judith butler video
being man/woman is a phenomenon, no one is a gender from the start
gender is culturally formed but it is also a domain of freedom
gender is performative because it produces a series of effects
according to Judith Butler what factors keep gender in place
bullying and institutional factors such as parents, schools and society
west and Zimmerman
Gender is performed and a product of our interactions with one another
Dean on the "Post-Closeted Society"
this culture gives heterosexuals more ability to express the femininity or masculinitny = decoupling
masculinity is not connected to sex or gender
According to dean how has acceptance of the LGBTQ community changes in our culture
we have a higher acceptance but there is still discrimination
are sex, gender, sex category, and sexuality the same?
was born white but identifies as black
once people found out she was born white they were not very accepting, she has lost her job and cannot find another one etc.
How does society structure the opportunity to be "trans-black"?
people are generally unaccepting of trans-black
Why is society generally unaccepting of trans-black
people cannot inherit the historical struggles of blacks
poorer cultures cannot change their ethnicities (i.e. blacks and hispanics)
differences in human physical characteristics (given social meaning) used to characterize large numbers of individuals
Race is a ________ that we learn through________.
changing race is a form of what
How does the sociological perspective illuminate the idea of being multiracial but not transracial?
ethnicity that is individualistic in nature and without real social cost for the individual
Why do whites have the option for a "symbolic ethnicity," while many other racial groups do not?
for non whites, race is socially and institutionally imposed, and is connected with discrimination and inequality
Whites and ethnicity
ethnicity is optional for whites and has little influence on their lives
Paradox of symbolic ethnicity
consider all identities as equal and interchangeable; ignores the gap between an individualistic symbolic ethnic identity and a socially enforced and imposed racial identity
george herbert mead
argued our self is social and individual
when did legos begin to introduce gender into their toys (roughly)
according to dean "post closted culture" which group has the smallest line between straightness and gayness and feel it isn't a form of social hierarchy and denigration
anti homophobic straight woman in the us
who said "situation that are defined as real are real in consequences"
according to the waters article "optional ethnicities" reasons that symbolic ethnicity is important to understand is... (3)
-it has little social cost for affiliation
-it is voluntary
-generally only involves leisure activities
power and violence ass. with boys
loving magic and creativity ass. with girls
ex puzzles for girls of a purse and for boys a toolbox, no obj difference but targeted specifically
associating yourself with a specific company for a long time
ex: coke vs pepsi sprite , poland springs vs fiji
kapur (2005) article says their is anxiety associated with
become obsolete in labor market, so technology is constantly changing to become more impressive.
example of kapur's statment in toys story
woody feels panicked when meeting buzz because he is 'cooler' more advance has lazers and command while he just has a pull string
-just like in society today (iphone releases and feel need to buy new one)
consumer and media: since 1950's how has toy spending in us changed (stat)
from approx 1.3 trillion to 11.4 trillon
-the best selling toys are always marketed based on popular kid shows and movies
ex: frozen merch, star wars merch
the idea of people being obsessed with material items and feeling the need to have certain things to stay relevant is known as what?
economy of dignity
who explains peoples obsession with material items
alison puan argues when goods come alive it is a .....
local social context
ex what is pop in one school may not be the case for a neighboring town/ region.
schilt and westbrook on gender neutral bathrooms
this is actually an anchor of gender separation and confirms the fear between men in womans bathrooms because they are still labeled as "other"
-mothers scared for daughters safety in these bathrooms (penis panic)
judith bulter says
gender is culturally formed and should be considered a performance because it produces consequences just like other elements of social construction of reality
who argue sexuality sex criteria are different
west and zimmerman
situations defined as real are real in their cosequences
when advertisers try to present the advertising world in ways which it could be real. Goffman argues that advertisements do not look strange to us, when they should.
ex: he-man is merely a show to sell their products
media constantly construction our social reality
essence of selfhood
mead's theory of self
begin to see ourselves as how we think others see us
Sets with similar terms
prelim 2 vocab
Cornell SOC 1101 Prelim 2
Other sets by this creator
Philosophy 101 w/ Rogers
Phil 101 Exam 1
Phil101 Test 1 UD Rogers
Other Quizlet sets
Psychology Exam #2
EXCEL-Chapter 1: Creating a Worksheet and an Embed…
Exam 2 CH 6
Lecture 7 ecology