Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
chapter 10: Social Stratification
vocabulary and key concepts of deviance, social stratification, gender stratification, race ðnicity, and the economy and work
Terms in this set (31)
a system where society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
What are the 4 basic principles in social stratification?
1. it's a trait of society (not just reflecting indiv. diffs.)
2. it carries over from gen to gen
- but there can also be social mobility
3. It is universal but variable
4. It isn't just inequality but beliefs too
What are the two different systems in society
1. Caste Systems (closed)
2. Class Systems (open)
social stratification based on birth
social stratification based on birth and individual achievement
What does the caste system determine?
1. their type of work
2. they must marry within their ranking
3. people must be in the company of their own rank
4. the system rests on cultural beliefs
social stratification based on personal merit
the degree of consistency in a person's social standing
structural social mobility=
a shift in the social position of a large # of people owing more to changes in society than to individual efforts
cultural beliefs that make certain social arrangements and patterns of inequality
- the reason why social hierarchies endure
(Structural-Functional Approach) What does the David-Moore Thesis state?
social stratification has beneficial consequences for operating society
(Social-Conflict) What does Karl Marx state in Class Conflict?
the capitalist society reproduces the class structure in each new generation
- families gain wealth and pass it from gen to gen
-oppression &misery-> working majority to overthrow capitalism
Why did Karl Marx's prediction not come true?
1. fragmentation of the capitalist class
2. higher standard of living
3. more worker organizations
4. greater legal protections
Why can Karl Marx's prediction still come true?
1. wealth is still highly concentrated
2. white-collar work still offers little to workers
- not as high income monotonous&routine
3. Progress requires struggle
4. The law still favours the rich
What is Max Weber's 3 distinct dimensions of social inequality?
1. economic inequality
2. status/social prestige
a composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality
Symbolic-Interaction Approach (micro)
we szie up to people by looking for clues to their social standing
buying and using products because of the statements they make about social position
lower-prestige jobs; mostly manual labour
higher prestige jobs; mostly mental activity
Caste or Class?
- Former Soviet Union
-India: mostly still caste (even after being outlawed)
-China: emerging social classes
- United Kingdom: both
- Japan: both
-Former Soviet Union: no class
what dimensions does social stratification involve?
4. Occupational Prestige
what are the 4 social classes in canada?
1. The upper class
2. The Middle Class
3. The Working Class
4. The Lower Class
total value of assets minus debts
What are the differences class makes?
2. family and gender
3.values and attitudes
intragenerational social mobility=
change in social position during a person's lifetime
intergenerational social mobility=
upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents
deprivation of wants compared to others who have more
deprivation of needs/resources
feminization of poverty=
the trend where women represent an increasing proportion of the poor
Sets found in the same folder
Anthropology chapter 12 social stratification
Ch. 8 - Economic Anthropology
Marriage, Family, and Kinship
Cultural Anthropology [Economic Systems]
Sets with similar terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Sociology Chapter 9 Quiz
Chapter 8: Social Stratification
10 Social Stratification
Other sets by this creator
chapter 13: Gender Stratification
chapter 9: Deviance
Other Quizlet sets
Women's position in Buddhism quotes and important…
Colonial Regions Test
BIOS 1030 Ch 3 pt 2
Durkheim writes "Hence we are the victims of an illusion which leads us to believe we have ourselves produced what has been imposed upon us externally." What is the most precise interpretation of this passage?
What are the four specific developments discussed in the chapter that lead to changing scripts for dating?
A sociologist who describes a foreign culture as "exotic" and "backward" is exhibiting cultural relativism
The "Me" attempts to ignore the needs of the "I".