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1st person point of view

means that one of the characters is the narrator and telling the story


is writing or speaking in the usual sentence form


a comparison between two unlike things without using like or as

repetition for effect

a writing technique that uses a word or group of words in a repeating manner to emphasize a point


an educated guess based on known facts

3rd person limited point of view

someone outside the story is the narrator and shares the thoughts and feelings of only one character

Magic 3

a writing technique that uses three very detailed descriptions in a series to explain or describe


an exaggeration for effect

specific details for effect

a writing technique that gives very specific details in writing so that the reader can "picture" the story


writing that has rhythm or rhyme


means words used in a special way that may be different from their literal meaning


the opposite of what is expected happens


something that stands for more than just itself


a figure of speech formed by repeating the same initial consonant sound in several words in close succession

3rd person omniscient

means that someone outside the story is telling the story and this narrator shares the thoughts and feelings of all the characters in the book

expanded moment

a writing technique using imagery to give the reader more details, to make the moment more life-like

figurative language

writing that uses similes, metaphors and personification


a comparison between two unlike things using like or as


a category of books characterized by a particular style, form or content


the main idea; the lesson learned


a writing technique in which a writer interrupts the story to go back and explain an earlier event

full circle ending

a writing technique that ends the piece of writing the same way that it began


what is created in words to have a reader feel a certain way


a struggle between opposing forces


the person or force that works against the hero of the story


hints or clues that the writer uses to suggest what will happen next in a story


a writing technique that uses a funny event to improve the writing


the place and time frame in which a story takes place


the main character in a story, often a good or hero type

hyphenated modifier

a writing technique that uses a string of adjectives to describe one word

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