45 terms

Operating Systems Chapter 5

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Terms in this set (...)

Assigned Access
A feature added in Windows 8.1 that allows an administrator to assign a single user account to run just one app.
Back Tip
In Windows 8, a thumbnail image of the previous active app that appears when the user points a mouse in the upper left corner.
bloatware
Slang for the software added to a computer when it is purchased with Windows preinstalled. Some of these programs are useful, but most of it is annoying or may be free trial software that you can try, but must purchase to use after the trial period (often 30 days) expires.
Charm
Shortcut-like object that appears on the Charms bar in Windows 8. This bar slides out from the right side of the screen.
Charms bar
A bar that displays on the right side of a Windows 8 screen and contains charms.
cold boot
A method of starting up a computer and operating system by turning on the power switch.
Domain Join
A feature that allows a Windows computer to join a Microsoft Active Directory Domain.
edge gestures
Touch gestures that begin close to the bezel of the screen on a Windows 8 computer.
File Explorer
Previously named Windows Explorer, the name of the Windows file management tool beginning with Windows 8.
live tile
A rectangle on the Windows 8 Start screen that when tapped with a finger or clicked with a mouse launches an app. The "live" part of the name is due to each tile's ability to display active content related to the app without requiring that you launch the app.
keyboard shortcut
A key combination that performs an assigned action, saving you several mouse or keyboard actions.
lock screen
A screen that displays at startup of a Windows 8 computer, when Windows is locked, or when a period of inactivity triggers the screen saver. You must use a swiping motion (with finger or mouse) to close the Lock screen and access either the Sign-in screen or the Start screen.
Microsoft account (MSA)
A free account with Microsoft that gives the subscriber access to Microsoft services, such as Hotmail, Messenger, SkyDrive, Windows Phone, Xbox LIVE, and Outlook.com.
mouse
A pointing device that you move with your hand on a level surface to manipulate objects on the computer screen.
multitouch
The ability to interpret multiple simultaneous touch gestures, such as the pinching gesture in which fingers first touch the device (screen, touch mouse, or touch pad) at separate locations and then pinch them together.
on-screen keyboard
A virtual keyboard that is available as an accessibility option. It also displays in Windows 8 on devices without a keyboard when you need to enter alphanumeric characters on a device that lacks a keyboard.
Out of Box Experience (OOBE)
A feature on a new computer with Windows 8 preinstalled. When you take it out of the box and turn it on, you will be greeted with this last phase of Windows installation where you personalize the GUI and configure how you will sign in.
PC settings screen
A Windows 8 screen containing several panels for configuring Windows 8 settings.
Power User menu
A Windows 8 menu that opens when you use the Windows key+X shortcut. This menu contains many handy utilities.
Remote Desktop client
A feature in some editions of Windows that allows a Windows computer to connect to a Remote Desktop host on a remote computer.
Remote Desktop host
A feature in some editions of Windows that allows a Windows computer to host incoming Remote Desktop sessions.
Search bar
A bar that opens on the right of the screen in Windows 8.x after you click or tap the Search charm on the Charms bar. It contains a search box for entering key words to search for all types of data in many locations.
semantic zoom
A feature in the Windows 8 Metro-style GUI that shrinks objects on the screen.
settings bar
In Windows 8 and Windows 10 a bar containing charms that opens various settings utilities. It opens on the right of the screen when you swipe from the bottom right or use the Windows key + I shortcut.
Smartscreen
A feature introduced in Internet Explorer 9 that prevents the downloading of suspicious programs during Web browsing. It was expanded in Windows 8 so that it is no longer limited just to the Internet Explorer browser and is now called Windows SmartScreen.
Snap
A feature of Windows 8 that allows two apps to share the screen with a vertical division between them.
Start button
A button on the Windows 7 taskbar that opens the Start menu. In Windows 8.1 the Start button returns you to the Start screen. It also displays in the Start screen when a mouse is pointed at the bottom left corner. In Windows 10 the Start button is on the taskbar, as it was before Windows 8. The Start button opens a Start menu.
Start screen
The Windows 8 home screen that contains rectangular tiles that you tap with a finger (on touch screens) or click with a mouse to launch the related apps. These tiles replace the old desktop shortcuts and are called live tiles.
Switcher
A black bar containing thumbnail images of all active apps that slides out of the left edge of the screen after a mouse drag from edge corner.
Thumbnail
A small graphic image representing a larger object, such as an open app or screen.
touch mouse
A mouse pointing device that responds to touch gestures on the surface of the mouse, in addition to the typical mouse features.
touchpad
A pointing device that responds to finger touch gestures. They are in most laptops and come as separate wireless and USB devices.
warm boot
Restarting a computer without a power-down and power-up cycle.
Web-based installer
An online installer, available through the Microsoft website for upgrading to Windows 8.
Windows 8
One of two Windows 8 editions designed for the traditional Intel/AMD computer architecture. This edition is comparable to Windows 7 Home or Home Premium editions, containing features the typical home user would need.
Windows8 Pro
Comparable to Windows 7 Professional and Windows 7 Ultimate, this edition is aimed at individuals with more advanced needs, at home or in a small office.
Windows 8.1
An update to Windows 8 released in late 2013.
Windows 8.1 Pro
The Windows 8.1 edition for advanced users and professionals.
Windows 8.1 Pro for students
The discounted edition of Windows 8.1 Pro for students.
Windows Flip
A feature of Windows that is activated when you press and hold the Alt key while tapping the Tab key. It displays a rectangle across the middle of the screen that shows all running apps, including individual Desktop apps.
Windows Key
A key located near the bottom left of most keyboards that displays a Windows logo and is used in combination with other keys to create keyboard shortcuts.
Windows RT
A Windows 8 edition that does not run on the traditional Intel/AMD computer architecture, but comes preinstalled on tablets based on the ARM processor architecture.
Windows RT 8.1
The Windows RT update.
Windows Setup
The traditional program for installing and upgrading Windows.
Windows Smartscreen
A feature based on the SmartScreen feature of Internet Explorer 9. No longer just part of the Internet Explorer browser, it runs at the OS level so that it protects against malicious downloads from any source, such as browsers, email, and even your local network or locally attached drives. SmartScreen uses special sensing features, as well as an online service to determine if software is malicious.