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9.3 Early civilizations of the Andes
Terms in this set (15)
stretch of 4,500 miles down the western edge of south america (from columbia in the north to chile in the south)
south america's first civilizations emerge in the northern andes region, called this
a harsh place to develop a civilization
-anders are steep and rocky with generally poor soil
ice and snow cover the highest elevations year around
-overland travel is very difficult
-climate is severe and hot and dry during the day and freezing at night
charachteristic of peru
the first imfluential civilization in south america, arose not on the coast but in the mountains
after a major ruin, the Chavin de Huantar, in the northern highlands of peru
why is cHavin culture called what it is called?
It has been concluded that chavin culture was mostly a _________ culture, because their is no evidence of political or economc organization within the culture.
stone carvings, pottery, textiles
art of the chavin culture
established certain patterns that helped unify andean culture and lay the foundation for later civilizations in peru
what else did the Chavin do?
flourished along the southern coast of peru
the southern coast of peru is extremely dry, so the nazca developed extensive irrigation systems , including underground canals that allowed them to farm the land.
why did the nazca develop extensive irrigation systems?
textiles and pottery featuring animals and mythological beings
also famous for an extraordinary set of creations known as the nazca lines
what were the nazca known for?
culture that emmerged on the nothern coast of Peru
took advantage of the rivers that flowed down from the andes, built irrigation systems to water their WIDE range of crops
what did the moche do in regards to irrigation?
moche civilization had enormous wealth! jewlery crafted from gold, silver, and other semi precious stones
briliant ceramic artists, created pottery that depicted scenes from every day life.
what was so special about moche art?
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