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30 terms

U.S. Government

Government Vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
government
a political system which provides rulers and services for people
politician
a person elected to a government job (presidents,governer)
democracy
v.s political system in which the people have a voice in decision making and having rights
republic
a political system in which people elect representitives to speak to them
dictatorship
rule by one person (dictator). citizens have few rights.
Declaration of Independence
July 4 1776, stated the reasons why the united states was seperating from great britian
Constitution
1787, our written plan of government.
preamble
introduction to the constitution, it begins "We the people..." and explains why we have a constitution.
Branches
parts of our government:Legislative,Executive,and Judical
seperation of powers
Dividing the power of government into 3 branchesd so no branh becomes too powerful.
Legislative
branch which makes the law
Executive
branch which enforces or carries out the law
judicial
branch which judges or interprets the law
checks and balences
each branch has ways to make sure other branches do not have too much power.
federalism
dividing the power of governments between the national (federal) and the state or local governments
federal
national level,for the whole new country
state
level of government for new york state
local
level of government for county,city,town,and village
amendment
to change or add to the constituion. amendments keep our contitution able to adapt to changing conditions in our history
bill of rights
first 10 amendments to the constitution
constituional
agrees with the constituion
unconstitutional
goes against the constitution
majority
more than half
minority
less than half
repeal
when the legislative branch takes back a law so that it is no longer a law
appeal
to ask a higher court to hear a case
sufferage
the right to vote
census
count of the number of people used to decide representation
compromise
to give in to form an agreement. one compromise in the constititon was called the "Great Compromise" and gave us two houses of congress
Civil rights
legal rights of citizens of the united states