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American History Final
Terms in this set (74)
General John J. Pershing
Led an American expeditionary force across the Mexican border in pursuit of Villa
Queen of Hawaii who gave the U.S. naval rights to Pearl Harbor in 1887. Deposed by American settlers in 1893.
Alfred Thayer Mahan
naval officer, writer, teacher, and philosopher of the new imperialism of the 1890s; he stressed the need for naval power to drive expansion and establish America's place in the world as a great power.
a disgraced American politician who was convicted for stealing millions of dollars from New York City taxpayers through political corruption and died in jail. Tweed was head of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York.
J. Robert Oppenheimer
lead the Manhattan Project: the World War II effort to develop the first nuclear bomb. He was remembered as the "Father of the Atomic Bomb."
J. Edgar Hoover
The director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation who investigated and harassed alleged radicals.
African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
United States electrical engineer who designed an early analogue computer and who led the scientific program of the United States during World War II (1890-1974)
"Survival of the fittest"; Social Darwinism between societies and cultures
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901. (p. 743)
The violent deaths of 20 people, 11 of them children, during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado in the on April 20, 1914.
President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad
U.S. general who served as military director of the atomic bomb project (1896-1970); director of the Manhattan Project
Japan's prime minister. ordered attack on pearl harbor
1921 - founded American Birth Control League; which became Planned Parenthood in the 1940s. Advocated birth control awareness.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
Signed between the Axis powers in 1940 (Italy, Germany and Japan) where they pledged to help the others in the event of an attack by the US
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
young woman in the 1920s who rebelled against traditional ways of thinking and acting
Head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs who introduced the Indian New Deal and pushed congress to pass Indian Reorganization Act
Chinese communist leader
fascist dictator of Italy during WWII
Louisiana Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a , "Share the Wealth" wants to give $5k to all families ,was later assassinated
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1.
the illegal use of political influence for personal gain
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
migrants from Oklahoma to California during the dust bowl
General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong.
House Un-American Activities Committee- accused people of being communists and "blacklisted" them.
A former Soviet agent who accused Alger Hiss in 1948 of giving him secret government documents; later become an editor of Time magazine.
a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
National Origins Act of 1924
in 1924 and 1929, congress imposed even more restrictions on immigrants. in addition, the US completely prohibited immigration from Asia.
Pure Food and Drug Act
restricted the sale of dangerous or ineffective medicines
Washington Naval Conference
After the War the US, GB, and Japan edged toward a naval-arms race that none of them really wanted or could afford. In 1921 P Harding called for a conference to deal with the problem
prevented newly independent Cuba from making treaties with other nations and gave the US control over Guantanamo Bay
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
to lend or lease supplies to a country whose defense is needed to protect the United States
Korematsu v. US
Supreme Court case which upheld the relocation of Japanese to internment camps
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
National Security Act of 1947
created several agenices: department of defense, national security council, center for intelligence act.
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage.
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Kitty Hawk, NC
Where the Wright Brothers flew the 1st successful ariplane flight
Los Alamos, NM
Place where first atomic bomb was detonated
Japanese internment camps in California
Oak Ridge, TN
Small Tennessee town which grew rapidly during WWII as a uranium production center for the Manhattan Project.
1944 invasion of Europe. (D-Day)
the place at which the three allied leaders, Truman, Stalin, and Atlee, met to discuss the distribution of Germany and the ultimatum that they would issue to Japan demanding thier immediate surrender
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
a port city in western South Korea on the Yellow Sea; site of major battle in the Korean War
San Juan Hill
Site of the most famous battle of the Spanish-American war, where Theodore Roosevelt successfully leads the Rough Riders in a charge against the Spanish trenches
a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong
Who were the Molly Maguires?
They were a group within the AOH who lashed out against coal miners.
What was a muckraker?
Journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life
Who delivered the "Cross of Gold" speech?
William Jennings Bryan
Who were the Boxers?
secret Chinese martial arts society with highly nationalist convictions & a somewhat mystical vision of their invulnerability to bullets. launched revolt against foreigners in China
Who gets the blame for the Haymarket Square Bombing?
Explain the concept of an Open Shop
a shop in which no worker could be required to join a union
What was the Temperance Crusade's mission?
restrict the sale and consumption of alcohol
What purpose does the Zimmermann Telegraph serve?
helped build popular sentiment for war
Were Wilson's 14 points unrealistic?
They were realistic points, but he had no way of implementing them
What is a sit-down strike?
A strike in which laborers stop working but refuse to leave the building and outside laborers would pick up picket signs.
What happened to the Bonus Army?
They were not paid their bonus for working in the army and Hoover wiped them out for demanding pay.
Why is the Battle for Okinawa significant?
it showed the strength of the Japanese resistance
Who were the Code-Talkers?
Navajo Indians who used their native language to transmit secret messages during the war for the USA
What is the Manhattan Project?
u.s government research project that produced the first atomic bomb
What was the impact of WW2 on the US economy?
economic problems vanished
Was the Cold War inevitable?
No, they couldn't reconcile their differences any other way
Can you explain the Red Scare?
basically, the fear of communism
What happens at Dumbarton Oaks Estate?
The Dumbarton Oaks Conference
Why is the Battle of Leyte Gulf significant?
it was the largest naval engagement in history. it almost destroyed Japan's capacity to continue a serious Naval War
Does the Depression help America prepare for WW2?
WW2 actually helped end the Depression
What does the incident surrounding the German Liner St. Louis tell us about the US?
They were denying refugees.
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