13 terms

Instruments of Orchestra

MTS 4th grade Music quiz
All strings produce their tone by the vibration of stretched strings.
Examples of string instruments
violin, viola, cello, harp, double bass
The woodwinds produce tone by means of a vibrating column of air enclosed in a pipe or tube, and with the exception of the flute and piccolo, they produce the vibration by means of a single or double reed.
Examples of woodwinds instruments
Oboe, English horn, flute, Piccolo, Clarinet, Bass clarinet, Bassoon, Contra-bassoon
The brass section includes instruments in which the vibration is made by air blown through the player's lips which are pressed into a cup-shaped mouthpiece. You buzz your lips into a cup-shaped mouthpiece. Lowest.
Examples of brass instruments
French horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba
The percussion instruments provide the orchestra with accents, rhythms and special timbres. In most cases, a sound is produced by striking the instrument with another object; a stick, mallet or beater.
Examples of percussion instruments
Timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, triangle, tambourine
The soprano of the string choir; expressive range; melodic passages
The contralto of the string group; larger than violin; strong tone;
Held between knees; full tone & powerful; during the Baroque
The Double Bass
Lowest voice in the string family; so large must be held upright; six feet long
A part of the string family; no bow; plucked; 7 petals to change pitch of strings