Among people exposed to cold viruses, those who feel in control of their lives are half as likely to actually develop colds as are people who feel that their lives are unpredictable, uncontrollable, and overwhelming Low-income people who have a strong sense of control and mastery over their lives are as healthy, and have equally high levels of well-being, as people from higher-income groups. People who have the greatest control over their work place and activities - that is, executives and managers - have fewer illnesses and stress symptoms than do employees who have little opportunity to exercise initiative, who feel trapped doing repetitive tasks, and who have a low chance of promotion. African-American professionals who have the resources and confidence to fight discrimination, and who feel in control of their work lives, are at lower risk of hypertension that are black workers who do not. * When elderly residents of nursing homes are given more choices and control over their activities - even small activities such as tending plants - they become more alert and happier, and they live longer. DEPRESSION - cognitive therapy's greatest success has been in the treatment of mood disorders, esp. depression. less likely than people on drugs to relapse when treatment over. reason may be that lessons learned in cognitive therapy last long time after treatment. PREVENTION OF SUICIDE - in study of 120 adults who attempted suicide, given 10 sessions of cognitive therapy, were half as likely as those just given a follow up to commit suicide. ANXIETY DISORDERS - exposure techniques more effective than other treatments for posttramtic stress disorder, agoraphobia, and specific phobia such as fear of dogs. cognitive-behavior therapy more effective than medication for panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. ANGER AND IMPULSIVE VIOLENCE - cognitive therapy is often successful in reducing chronic anger, abusiveness, and hostility, and it also teaches people how to express anger more calmly and constructively. HEALTH PROBLEMS - cognitive and behavior therapies help people cope with pain, chronic fatigue syndrome, headaches, and irritable bowel syndrome; quit smoking or overcome addictions.... and manage other health problems. CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENT BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS - behavior therapy for behavior problems that range from bed-wetting to impulsive anger and even problems with biological origins such as autism. RELAPSE PREVENTION - cognitive-behavior approaches have also been highly effective reducing the rate of relapse among people with problems such as substance abuse, depression, sexual offending, and even schizophrenia.