63 terms

MCT2 Lang Arts Terms Set 2 (I-V)

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intransitive verb
a verb that does not have a direct object
irony
the use of words to express the opposite of the literal meaning of the words, often humorously
literary device
writing device used to produce a specific effect for the reader
main idea
what a passage is mostly about; its central idea
map
a graphic that shows physical locations, including countries, cities, and bodies of water
metaphor
an implied comparison of two things, without using the words like or as
name calling
using negative labels to attack a person or a group
narrative writing
writing that conveys its information by telling a story
nonfiction
writing that is true and contains factual information
noun
a word that names a person, place, or thing
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sound is associated with their meaning
opinion
a statement that people may disagree with and which cannot be proven
order of importance
an organizational structure in which the most important information is listed first, followed by less important information
parallel structure
using parts of speech consistently when writing a long sentence that includes a list
participle
a verb form that ends in -ing or -ed and functions like an adjective
personification
describing nonhuman objects in human terms
persuasion
the act of convincing someone to take some action or to hold a certain belief
persuasive writing
writing that seeks to convince or persuade readers about an idea, opinion, or belief
pie chart
a circular chart used to show how something is broken down by percentage of a whole
plagiarism
claiming someone else's work as your own
plot
the structure of a story, or the sequence in which the author arranges events in a story
poetry
a literary work written in verse
point of view
the perspective, or position, from which the story is told
predicate
the part of a sentence that tells what the subject is doing
prediction
an informed guess about what is likely to happen in the future
prefix
an affix added to the beginning of a word that changes its meaning
prepositional phrase
a word group that begin with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun
problem and solution
an organizational structure in which a conflict is presented as well as its resolution
procedural order
the order in which instructions are to be followed
pronoun
a word that takes the place of a noun
propaganda
information put forth to persuade readers of a particular point of view
punctuation
the marks in writing used to separate and clarify the elements of sentences
repetition
repeating words in poetry to emphasize emotions, feelings, and important ideas
research
the process of searching for information in preparation for writing a report
revising
to improve writing by adding, removing, and rearranging words, details, and ideas
rhyme
the repetition of similar ending sounds in adjacent words
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
root word
the main part, or base, of a word
sarcasm
a kind of verbal irony in which a person says one thing but means something else
sentence fragment
a sentence that is missing its subject or predicate
sequence
an organizational structure in which events are described in the order they occur
setting
the time and place in which a story unfolds
simile
a direct comparison of two things using the words like or as
simple sentence
a sentence with one subject and one predicate
stanza
lines of verse that create a unit in a poem
stereotype
a generalization about a particular group, which is usually false
subject
the "who" or "what" of a sentence
suffix
an affix added to the end of a word that changes its meaning
summary
the main idea and most important points in a passage, written in the reader's own words
superlative adjective
an adjective that compares more than two things
supporting details
sentences that explain or prove the main idea of a paragraph or text
symbolism
the use of one, usually concrete, thing to stand for another, usually abstract, thing
synonym
a word with the same or similar meaning as another word
table of contents
a listing of the chapters in a book, with beginning page numbers
tense
the form of a verb indicating when an action takes place
text structure
the organizational pattern of a text
theme
a story's central idea or lesson
thesaurus
a book that lists synonyms and antonyms of words
time line
a graphic representation of events in chronological order along a line or bar
topic senteflce
the sentence that expresses the main idea of the paragraph
transitive verb
a verb that has a direct object
verb
a word that shows action or describes a state of being