APHG- Chapter 1 Vocab Quiz

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Terms in this set (...)

Concentration
the extent of a feature's spread over space
Contagious diffusion
the rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
Cultural ecology
the geographic study of human-environment relationships
Density
the frequency with which something occurs in space
Distance decay
the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
Distribution
the arrangement of a feature in space
Environmental determinism
an approach on how the physical environment caused social development
Expansion diffusion
the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
Formal region
an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional region
an area organized around a node or focal point
Geographic Information system
a computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze and display geographic data
Global Position System
a system that determines accurately the precise position of something on Earth
Hierarchichal Diffusion
the spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
Mental map
an internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface
Nonrenewable resource
a resource produced in nature more slowly than it is consumed by humans
Polder
a piece of land that is created by draining water from any area
Possibilism
the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives
Relocation diffusion
the spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Remote sensing
the acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or from other long distance methods
Site
the physical character of a place
Situation
the location of a place relative to other places
Space-time compression
a term applied by geographers to describe the reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place
Stimulus diffusion
the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse
Transnational corporation
conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries
Vernacular region
a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity