30 terms

Culinary 1 Final Terms (Modified)

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Bake
To cook in the oven with dry heat.
Beef
Meat obtained from mature cattle over 12 months of age.
Boil
To cook in liquid over 212 degrees F.
Broil
To cook uncovered under a direct source of heat.
Budget
A plan for managing income and expenses.
Cream
To soften solid fats, often by adding a second ingredient, such as sugar, and working with a wooden spoon or an electric mixture until fat is creamy.
Cross-contamination
A transfer of harmful bacteria from one food or surface to another.
Cube
To cut into small squares of equal size.
Cut in
To combine solid fat with flour using a pastry blender, two forks, or the fingers.
Dot
To place small pieces of butter or another food over the surface of the food.
Drain
To remove liquid from a food product.
Garnish
To decorate foods by adding other attractive and complementary foodstuffs to the food or serving dish.
Grease
To rub fat on the surface of a cooking utensil or on food itself.
Knead
To work dough by pressing it with the heels of the hand, folding it, turning it, and repeating each motion until the dough is smooth and elastic.
Legumes
Peas, beans and lentils.
Organic foods
A food produced without the use of pesticides.
Poultry
Any domesticated bird eaten as food.
Sanitation
Maintaining clean conditions to prevent disease and promote good health.
Separate
To remove the yolk from the white of an egg.
Shelf-life
The amount of time a food can be stored and remain wholesome.
Simmer
To cook in liquid that is barely at the boiling point.
Steam
To cook with vapor produced by a boiling point.
Whisk
A mixing tool made of loops of wire attached to a handle used to incorporate air into foods and to keep sauces from lumping.
Yield
The average number of servings a recipe will produce.
blend
mix together different elements
cut in
To mix a solid with dry ingredients using a pastry blender or two knives
al dente
Italian for "to the tooth"; used to describe a food, usually pasta, that is cooked only until it gives a slight resistance when one bites into it
ediquette
Accepted social behavior, politeness
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
baking yeast
A simple single-celled fungus that is used in brewing and bread making.

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