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Biology 1151: Lecture Exam 4-Chapters 31, 32, 33, 34 -College of Dupage

Biology 1151: College of Dupage; Dr. Ludded; Lecture Exam 4; Kim kwas
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Hyphae:
Multicellular fungi typically form from a network of tiny filaments called _____.
Chitin:
Fungal cell walls are strengthened by ____, which is a strong, flexible nitrogen-containing polysaccharide.
Fungi / Animalia:
The kingdoms ____ and ____ are more closely related to each other than either is to plants or most other eukaryotes.
Nucleariids:
_____, a group of single-celled protists, are the closest living relatives of fungi.
Chytrids:
_____ are one of the major fungal groups that is present in lakes and soil.
Zygomycetes:
______ are one of the major fungal groups which includes the fast-growing molds that cause food to rot. Ex: Rhizopus stolonifer-black bread mold
Glomeromycetes:
_____ are one of the major fungal groups and nearly all of the 160 species form arbuscular mycorrhizae with plant roots.
Ascomycetes:
_____ are one of the major fungal groups commonly called sac fungi; morel and truffle mushrooms are in this group.
Basidiomycetes:
_____ are one of the major fungal groups that include muschrooms, puffballs and shelf fungi.
Mycosis:
______ is the general term for a fungal infection that afflicts animals.
Embryonic:
Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes w/tissues that develop from ______ layers.
Cell walls:
In contrast to plants and fungi, animal cells lack ____ _____.
Muscle / Nerve:
Many animals have two types of specialized cells not see in other multicellular organisms: ____ cells and ____ cells.
Cleavage:
____ is the succession of mitotic cell divisions without cell growth between division cycles.
Gastrulation:
_____ is the process during which layers of embryonic tissues that will develop into adult body parts, are produced.
Bilateral symmerty:
Two sided symmetry (like us); ______ _______
Ectoderm:
____ is the germ layer covering the surface of the embryo, which gives rise to the outer cover of an animal.
Endoderm:
_____ is the innermost germ layer that gives rise to the digestive tract and other organs.
Mesoderm:
All bilaterally symmetrical animals have a third germ layer, called the _____, which is between the ectoderm and endoderm.
Animals:
All _____ share a common ancestor.
Invertebrates / 95 :
______ are animals that lack a backbone and account for ____% of known animal species.
Tardigrada:
____ are sometimes called water bears because of their shape and gait; can survive temperatures as low as -272 C.
Cephalopods:
_____ are the only molluscs with a closed circulatory system. Ex: squids, octopuses.
Arthropods:
Two out of every three species are _____, and members of the phylum arthropoda.
Cheliceriforms:
The bulk of modern _______ are arachnids, which includes scorpions, spiders, ticks and mites.
Vertebrates:
____ are animals with a series of bones that make up the vertebral column or backbone.
Chordates:
_____ have a notochord and a dorsal, hollow nerve cord.
Post-anal tail:
One of the chordate characteristics is a muscular, ____-____ ____.
Pharyngeal slits:
One of the chordate characteristics are ____ ____.
Lancelets:
The animals called _____ get their name from their bladelike shape.
Gnathostomes:
_____ had fins and jaws that enabled them to grab prey.
Tetrapods:
____ are gnathostomes that have limbs.
Amniotes:
_____ are tetrapods that have a terrestrially adapted egg.