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Terms in this set (15)
delivers blood to the glomerulus
carries filtered blood out of the glomerulus
Surrounds the glomerulus. Fluid and particles from blood (electrolytes, glucose, amino acids, metabolic waste are filtered through glomerulus membrane (called glomerular filtrate) into the fluid filled space (Bowman's space) and then enter the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)
tuft of capillaries filter large plasma proteins and blood cells. Flows into capillaries via afferent arterioles and flows out via efferent arterioles
Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT)
receives filtrate from the glomerular capsule and reabsorbs water from the electrolytes through active/passive transport
most of sodium is absorbed here
Descending Loop of Henle
Passively reabsorbs water from the filtrate
Ascending Loop of Henle
Passively reabsorbs sodium and chloride from the filtrate and help maintain osmolality
Loop of Henle
Filters solutes in urine
Distal Convoluted Tubules (DCT)
Removes sodium and water (mostly water)
Bring urine into renal pelvis
Filtered fluid moves through tubules and gets converted to what?
What are the 3 main functions of the nephron?
- controls blood fluid levels by retaining/removing water
- regulates pH
- removes toxic waste
Where is fluid and blood
in the nephron?
occur? What is reabsorbed?
- proximal convoluted tubules, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubules
- water, glucose, ions
take place? What is secreted?
- The distal convoluted tubules
- certain ions, nitrogenous waste, drugs
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