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17 terms

Ankle Injuries

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Ankle Sprain
Stretching or tearing of ligaments surrounding the ankle
Arch Sprain
Overstretching or tearing of the supportive ligaments of the transverse, medial longitudinal, or lateral longitudinal arch
Blister
Separation of two layers of skin in which fluid forms inside and puts pressure on the nerves causing pain
Great Toe Sprain (Turf Toe)
Hyperextension of the big toe causing ligaments to be overstretched or torn
Plantar Fasciitis
Inflammation of the wide, nonelastic ligamentous tissue that extends from the anterior portion of the calcaneus to the heads of the metatarsals
Heel Bruise
Contusion to the ligaments, tendons, and fat pad near the calcaneus
Heel Spur
Bony growth on the calcaneus that causes painful inflammation of the accompanying soft tissue
Foot Fracture
When any of the tarsals, metatarsals, or phalanges (toes) is broken
Contusion
Bruise
Strain
Tearing of muscle
Muscle Cramp
A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle
Achilles Tendonitis
Inflammation of the tendon that attaches the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the calcaneus
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Complete tear of the tendon that attaches the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the calcaneus
Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (Shin Splints)
Pain that occurs below the knee either on the front outside portion of the leg or on the inside of the leg
Stress Fracture
An incomplete crack in the bone
Compartment Syndrome
A serious condition that may develop when swelling exists in one or more of the four compartments of the leg or arm
Lower Leg Fracture
When the tibia and or fibula are broken