Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, March 6 from 3–4 PM PST
Upgrade to remove ads
BIO-114 Health & Disease Exam 1
Terms in this set (60)
Internal communication using the nervous system (electricity) and endocrine system (hormones)
3 Components of a Feedback Loop
Negative Feedback Loop
loop acts to REVERSE the stimulus
Positive Feedback Loop
loop acts to MAGNIFY the stimulus
Feedback loops are mechanisms humans employ to maintain (?)
a state of equilibrium/dynamic balance
What are the 2 primary hormones the female reproductive system releases?
List 3 direct effects of the release of epinephrine in the human body
Increase heart rate
Decrease stomach/intestine activity
This organ system produces our sweat mantle?
How does our sweat mantle protect us?
The adrenal glands release what 2 chemical messengers in response to a highly stressful situation?
Describe the impact on your organs of the 2 chemicals released
Cortisol-breaks down tissue for energy
Epinephrine-increases heart rate
What organs filter extracellular fluid?
The pancreas releases 2 chemicals to control blood sugar, what are they?
The (?) system is responsible for fast acting snd short duration control of the human body?
T3 & T4 are released by the (?) gland
Where do arteries carry blood?
away from the heart
This hormone controls our sleep cycle?
Ligaments and Tendons are part of what system?
Ligaments connect (?) to (?)
bone to bone
Tendons connnect (?) to (?)
muscle to bone
The (?) gland of the (?) system releases growth hormone
pituitary gland of the endocrine system
What is the impact on the human body of chronically high levels of cortisol release?
The system breaks down muscle tissue for energy which can cause illness
Define the following word roots, prefixes and suffixes
What is the function of T-cells?
recognize infected cells
What is the function of B-cells?
What is the function of complements?
How do vaccines work?
take a known infectious material and kill it/weaken it/use a small portion of it
What is the set point for calcium?
List the 4 types of tissues present in the human body
muscle tissue (movement)
epithelial tissue (smooth liner)
nervous tissue (paces)
connective (cushion or insulate)
What is the function of capillaries?
site of transfer/exchange of nutrients and waste
The (?) gland is responsible for "kick-starting" the immune system in children?
This endocrine gland maintains calcium levels in the human body?
What hormone decreases blood glucose levels?
What hormone increases blood glucose levels?
This system filters extra-cellular fluid or fluid that surrounds our cells
Anaphylaxis is caused by (?)
What is the impact of anaphylaxis on the cardiovascular system?
Blood pools in the extremities and does not return to the heart
List 2 functions of T3 and T4
Epi-pens are essential in reversing what condition?
This chemical released by the pituitary gland halts water loss
Which gland is responsible for maintaining calium homeostasis?
increase bloodflow/get bigger
If the cardiovascular system vasoconstricts that means (?)
reduces bloodflow/gets smaller
Sleep deprivation can cause a decrease in activity in what gland?
Albuterol relaxes the smooth muscle of what organ?
Oxytocin increases the contraction strength of the smooth muscle in what organ?
Human DNA is (?) % identical?
What hormone magnifies uterine contractions?
Wolffs Law of Bone
Bones adapt to the stress we put them under
What hormone stimulates energy metabolism?
What is the recommended daily allowance of activity to meet the active level?
150 minutes of cardio per week (moderate)
75 minutes of cardio per week (high intensity)
(in addition to strength training twice a week)
What is the VO2 max threshold for frailty?
Vitamin D depends on (?) for its production
How does lighter skin help residents in areas where UV radiation levels are low?
Fair skin absorbs more light
How does darker skin help residents in areas where UV radiation levels are high?
Darker skin deflects more light
List 2 sites in the human body where we can find smooth muscle
Smooth muscle is found in hollow organs
Rickets or "soft bones" are the result of inadequate production of what vitamin?
List 3 things in humans that folate is crucial in the development of
Brain/Spinal Cord development
List 2 functions or T3 and T4
Increases cell activity
Stimulates energy metabolism
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Bio-114 10 Glands of the Endocrine System
BIO 114 Lab Practical
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Biology 114 Bellarmine Test 1
The Endocrine System
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
THEO 402 Reading Review 1
Music 200 Study Guide
Music 200 Final
Stagecraft can **** ******