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Why did ancient civilizations develop in river valleys?

During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent.

River valley civilizations (about 3500 to 500 B.C.)

Mesopotamian civilization, Indian civilization, Chinese civilization,

Other early civilizations (about 2000 to 500 B.C.)

Hebrews, Phoenicians, Nubia

Egyptian civilization

Nile River Valley and Delta (Africa)

Mesopotamian civilization

Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys (Southwest Asia)

Indian civilization

Indus River Valley (South Asia)

Chinese civilization

Huang He Valley (East Asia)


settled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River Valley (part of Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia).


settled along the Mediterranean coast (part of Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia).


was located on the upper (southern) Nile River (Africa).

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