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Global Issues and Sustainable Solutions
Terms in this set (46)
significant issues that are interconnected, occur across political and social boundaries, and affect large numbers of people and environments
The process of using natural resources, materials, or finished products to satisfy human wants or needs
A resource, such as wind, trees, or fish, that can be replaced as it is used
A resource, such as coal or oil, that cannot be replaced as it is used
carbon dioxide (CO2)
A greenhouse gas that is a by-product of burning fossil fuels
Meeting our own needs without limiting the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Not using resources faster than the Earth can reproduce them.
Quality of Life
The level of well-being and the physical conditions in which people live
An international agreement, reached in 1997 in Kyoto, Japan that extends the commitments of the United Nations Framework Convection on Climate Change. In particular, it sets targets for future carbon dioxide emissions by developed countries.
A change in global temperatures that scientists believe is caused by human activities
The United Nations' term for those countries with a low average per-person income. Developed countries include Japan, Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and countries in western Europe.
The United Nations' term for those countries with a low average per-person income. Developing countries include all countries except those in the former U.S.S.R. and eastern Europe and those countries that are considered developed.
A naturally occurring underground geologic formation that stores a significant amount of freshwater
Safe and clean freshwater and a safe means of getting rid of human waste and garbage.
BCE (Before Common Era)
The term used in place of BC (Before Christ) to describe the period of time before the year 1.
The variety of life in all its forms, levels, and combinations, including ecosystem diversity, species diversity, and genetic diversity
The maximum population that an environment can support
CE (Common Era)
The term used in place of AD (Anno Domini, Lation for "in the year of the lord") to describe the period of time after the year 1.
What occurs when we use resources more quickly than they can be renewed.
The area of the Earth's productive surface that it takes to support everything a person uses.
Government actions, such as tax breaks, that promote certain policies, such as sustainable development.
The equitable treatment of all people, regardless of race, income, culture, or social class, with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies.
When there just isn't enough of a resource to go around.
A rate of growth in which a constant doubling occurs over time.
The term for the conditions under which people live on the equivalent of $1 U.S. a day or less.
Fordham Social Indicator
A calculation of sixteen indicators of U.S. social well-being.
Genuine progress indicator (GPI)
A measurement of quality of life that combines economic measures with indicators of social well-being.
Significant issues that are interconnected, occur across political and social boundaries, and affect large numbers of people and environments
(1) The close integration of the countries of the world, especially the increased level of trade and movements of capital. (2) The expansion of global linkages and the organizations of social life on a global scale.
Agricultural practices and technologies started in the 1950s to increase food production through the use of machines, fertilizer, pesticides, irrigation, and the growth of hybrid varieties of rice, wheat, and corn.
Specific gases and chemicals, including carbon dioxide, that accumulate in the atmosphere and lead to global warming.
Gross domestic product (GDP)
The total value of goods and services produced by and within a country.
Gross national income (GNI)
The total income of a country's residents.
People who move from one country to another for economic opportunities and social reasons.
The basic facilities and services for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power systems, and public institutions.
Internally displaced people
People who are forced to leave their homes because of conflict, food scarcity, or other crisis but who remain within their country.
How people live, how they spend their money, and how they use their time
A resource, such as coal or oil, that cannot be replaced as it is used.
Gaps in the high atmosphere around the Earth caused by chemicals; ozone holes can allow harmful sun rays to reach the Earth's surface.
Purchasing power parity (PPP)
When different currencies are compared to each other in terms of how much they buy.
People who have fled their country because they have a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
A resource, such as wind, trees, or fish, that can be replaced as it is used.
A form of sustainable forestry in which only a portion of the forest is cut down each year.
Money provided by the government to keep the price of a good or service low
Where there's enough of a resource to go around, but it isn't shared fairly.
Tragedy of the Commons
What occurs when a resource is owned in common, yet not managed in common.
A set of assumption, perspectives, and beliefs held by individuals, cultures, and societies through which we make sense of our lives and our world.
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