21 terms

Progressive Era (2017-2018)

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Progressive Era
1890's-1920's; period of widespread social and political reforms across the United States.
Monopoly
A large company that controls a specific industry and does not let other companies do business in that industry.
Prohibition
The ban of alcohol sales due to the rise of crime and poverty in cities. The 18th amendment prohibited (banned) the sale of alcohol.
Tenements
Urban apartment buildings, immigrants often lived in these, they were over-crowded and filled with diseases.
Muckraking
Term used to describe journalists during the Progressive Era who liked to dig up dirt and expose wrongdoings in American society. Theodore Roosevelt called Upton Sinclair a muckraker.
Conservation
Preservation, protection, or restoration of the natural environment, natural ecosystems, vegetation, and wildlife.
Sweatshop
A factory or workshop, especially in the clothing industry, where workers are paid at very low wages for long hours and under poor conditions.
Square Deal
Set of policies created by Theodore Roosevelt designed to treat all businesses and people fairly.
The Jungle
A book written by Upton Sinclair that uncovered the disgusting conditions of meat-packing plants.
Food and Drug Administration
An organization designed to regulate (control) the sale and quality of food and medicine throughout the country. This organization was inspired by Upton Sinclair's book, The Jungle.
Meat-packing Industry
After Upton Sinclair's book, The Jungle, this industry became heavily regulated by the Food and Drug Administration.
Suffrage Movement
Campaign led by women for the right to vote. Women wanted to have equal rights to men and protested for the right to vote. In 1920, the 19th Amendment was passed and women gained suffrage (voting rights).
Hull House
The first group home to open in the United States, Hull House was located in Chicago and opened by Jane Addams. The house provided services for the immigrant and poor populations living in Chicago. Later services for childcare, education, art, and other social programs were added.
Nineteenth Amendment
Passed in 1920, this law gave women suffrage, the right to vote.
Suffrage
Voting rights
Chinese Exclusion Act
Passed in 1882, this law restricted (limited) and prohibited (stopped) Chinese immigrants from entering the country.
Theodore Roosevelt
President during the Progressive Era, coined the term muckrakers, started the National Park Service, opposed big business and passed the square deal making trade fair for all businesses.
Upton Sinclair
Author of The Jungle, he exposed the dangerous and unsanitary conditions of the meatpacking industry. His book inspired the establishment of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates the sales and quality of food and medicine.
Florence Kelley
Pushed for reform in child labor laws; because of her, Illinois ended child labor, limited the number of hours women were allowed to work, and regulated sweatshop conditions.
Jane Addams
Provided services to poor populations of Chicago at the Hull House; she focused her efforts on immigrants, children, and homeless people.
Jacob Riis
A reported who used photography to show the living conditions of the working poor. Published his book, How the Other Half Lives, and inspired New York to pass laws that improved tenement housing.