29 terms

mrdgeography cold war to present vocabulary

mrdgeography cold war to present vocabulary

Terms in this set (...)

A policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of communism during the Cold War.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Berlin Wall
Wall built around West Berlin to separate the democratic West from communist East Berlin during the Cold War.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
An international organization consisting of the U.S., Canada, and most of Western Europe during the Cold War that was created for mutual self defense and the spread of democracy.
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations in response to the formation of NATO.
Iron Curtain
Term used by Winston Churchill to describe communist controlled Eastern Europe.
Korean War
War between communist North Korea and democratic South Korea from 1950 - 1953 during the Cold War. The U.S. and United Nations forces helped South Korea.
Vietnam War
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
A 1948 statement in which the United Nations declared that all human beings have rights to life, liberty, and security.
Pol Pot
Leader of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia who killed millions of Cambodians during the 1970s in a genocide.
Berlin Airlift
Airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin.
United Nations
An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security.
Yalta Conference
1945 Meeting with U.S. president FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war Europe.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms.
Mao Zedong
Leader of the Chinese Communist Party and founder of the People's Republic of China.
Chiang Kai Shek
Leader of Chinese nationalist forces and founder of the Republic of China in Taiwan.
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954. He also supported the destruction of South Vietnam.
Deng Xiaoping
Chinese communist statesman who reformed the Chinese economy to a market economy after the death of Mao.
Indira Gandhi
Daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister. She was also prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977 and developed India's nuclear program.
Margaret Thatcher
Britain's first woman Prime Minister. She asserted Britain's military power and formed a close relationship with the United States during the 1980s.
A Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev.
An economic reform in Soviet Russia instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev that moved the economy to a free market economy.
Mohandas Gandhi
Indian leader who encouraged civil disobedience and passive resistance in order to end Britain's rule in India.
Jawaharlal Nehru
India's first Prime Minister who supported western style industrialization and the 1950 constitution that tried to limit discrimination based on caste.
Nelson Mandela
First black president of South Africa who fought against apartheid.
Jomo Kenyatta
African Independence leader who fought British rule in Kenya and is considered the founding father of the nation.
Golda Meir
First female Prime Minister of Israel who led Israel during the Yom Kippur War in 1973, and tried to enlist U.S. support against the Arabs.
Yom Kippur War
A war that developed when Israel was invaded by Syria and Egypt in 1973.
Gamal Abdul Nasser
President of Egypt who supported the nationalization of the Suez Canal, built the Aswan High Dam, and formed close ties with the Soviet Union.