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Terms in this set (41)
A type of compound in which carbon atoms are nearly always bonded to each other, to hydrogen atoms, and occasionally to atoms of a few specific elements
A type of compound that includes carbonates, cyanides, carbides, and oxides of carbon, along with all compounds that do not contain carbon atoms.
Molecules that have the same molecular formula but their atoms are in different arrangement
Molecules that have the same molecular formula but their atoms are bonded together in a different sequence
Molecules that have the same molecular formula and their atoms are bonded together in the same sequence, but differ in the three-dimensional orientations of their atoms in space.
A stereoisomer based on a double bond, in which different types of atoms or groups are bonded to each carbon in the double bond.
A stereoisomer in which molecules are mirror images of each other around a single carbon atom bonded to four different types of atoms.
Compound that contains only carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms.
A hydrocarbon molecule in which the carbon atoms are joined by single covalent bonds.
Hydrocarbon that contains only single bonds, and no double or triple bonds, that is, each carbon atom is bonded to the maximum possible number of atoms.
Series of molecules in which each member differs from the next by an additional specific structural unit.
Atom or group of atoms substituted in place of a hydrogen atom on the parent chain of an organic compound.
The part of the IUPAC name of any organic compound that denotes the number of carbon atoms in the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms for alkanes or the longest continuous chain that includes the functional group
the part of the IUPAC name of any organic compound that gives the positions and names of any branches from the main chain
The part of the IUPAC name of any organic compound that gives the positions and names of any branches from the main chain.
Side group that is based on an alkane.
a hydrocarbon molecule that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds
Hydrocarbon that contains carbon-carbon double or triple bonds, whose carbon atoms can potentially bond to additional atoms.
A hydrocarbon molecule that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
An aliphatic hydrocarbon chain that forms a ring (But not a benzene ring)
A cyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, in which all six carbon-carbon bonds are intermediate in length between a single and double bond; delocalized electrons are shared by all six carbon atoms
Compound containing only carbon and hydrogen and based on the aromatic benzene ring
Compound containing only carbon and hydrogen in which carbon atoms form chains and/or non-aromatic rings.
Term used for a benzene ring that forms a substituent group on a hydrocarbon chain.
In a molecule, a certain group of atoms responsible for chemical reactions that are characteristic of that molecule.
A compound made up of carbon atoms and at least one other atom that is not hydrogen
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains a hydroxyl group
A functional group consisting of an oxygen atom and a hydrogen atom.
The alkane having the same basic carbon structure as a hydrocarbon derivative
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains at least one halogen atom.
A functional group in which a carbon atom is double bonded to an oxygen atom
A functional group in which a carbon atom is double bonded to an oxygen atom and single bonded to a hydrogen atom
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains a formyl group.
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains a carbonyl group that is bonded to two carbon atoms or carbon chains.
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains a carboxyl group
A functional group made up of a carbonyl group with a hydroxyl group attached to it.
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains a functional group with a carbon atom double bonded to one oxygen atom and single-bonded to another.
A hydrocarbon derivative in which an oxygen atom is single bonded to two carbon atoms
A side group found in an ether that includes the oxygen atom and the shorter alkyl group bonded to it.
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains a nitrogen atom bonded to at least one carbon atom, although it may be bonded to up to three.
A hydrocarbon derivative that contains a carbonyl group bonded to a nitrogen atom.
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