AP US History Time Period 3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (35)
Seven Years' War
The French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years' War. The French and Indian War began in 1754 and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
Series of laws passed by British Parliament that imposed restrictions on colonial trade
Proclamation of 1763
Issued October 7, 1763 by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, which forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains
Also known as the Revenue Act of !764, the Sugar Act placed duties on foreign sugar and certain luxuries. Its chief purpose was to raise money for the crown.
Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts
Harsh laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774. They were meant to punish the American colonists for the Boston Tea Party and other protests.
One of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin was a renowned polymath and a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat
Stated that the members of Parliament, including the Lords and the Crown-in-Parliament, reserved the right to speak for the interests of all British subjects, rather than for the interests of only the district that elected them or for the regions in which they held peerages and spiritual sway.
20th-century term for an attitude toward women's roles present in the emerging United States before, during, and after the American Revolution.
Boston Tea Party
Rebellion conducted by the United States in which they threw unbelievable amounts of tea off of a British ship to protest the tea tax.
Thomas Paine "Common Sense"
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775-76 advocating independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies.
Declaration of Independence
A document containing philosophical principles and a list of grievances that declared separation from Britain. Adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, it ended a period
Regionalism vs. Federalism
- Constitution contains a list of subject matters which are of exclusive competence of Regions
- Regions do not have their own judiciary system
- Constitution contains a list of subject matters which are of exclusive competence of the central government
- The member States have their own judiciary system
French event at the end of the eighteenth century that ended the thousand-year rule of kings in France and established the nation as a republic. The revolution began in 1789, after King Louis XVI had convened the French parliament to deal with an enormous national debt.
Articles of Confederation
The first written constitution of the United States, ratified on November 15, 1777
Separation of Powers
An act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies
Was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States
The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise reached between delegates from southern states and those from northern states during the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention.
Anti-federalists vs. Federalists
- George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton
- Strong central government was needed to maintain order and preserve the Union
- Emphasized the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation; showed their opponents as merely negative opponents with no solutions
- Strong leaders; well organized
- Constitution was new and untried; as originally written, it lacked a bill of rights
- From Virginia: George Mason and Patrick Henry; From Massachusetts: James Winthrop and John Hancock; From New York: George Clinton
- Stronger central government would destroy the work of the Revolution, limit democracy, and restrict states' rights
- Argued that the proposed Constitution contained no protection of individual rights, that it gave the central government more power than the British ever had
- Appealed to popular distrust of government based on colonial experiences
- Poorly organized; slow to respond to Federalist challenge
Collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution, officially ratified by 1791. The amendments safeguarded fundamental personal rights, including freedom of speech and religion, and mandated legal procedures, such as trial by jury.
Successful leader of Continental Army, would later become the first President of the United States
He was the second president of the United States and a Federalist. He was responsible for passing the Alien and Sedition Acts. Prevented all out war with France after the XYZ Affair. His passing of the Alien and Sedition Acts, which severely hurt the popularity of the Federalist party and himself.
Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans
The Federalists supported a stronger, central government and a loose interpretation of the Constitution; also supported fixing America's relations with Britain for trade purposes. Most Federalists were wealthy merchants or well-educated people from the eastern seaboard. The Democratic-Republicans favored a weaker central government but stronger state governments; also believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution; preferred a foreign alliance with France because of their support of the colonists in the Revolutionary War. Most Democratic-Republicans were western farmers
Northwest Land Ordinance
A land act that provided for orderly settlement and established a process by which settled territories would become the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. It also banned slavery in the Northwest Territory.
George Washington's Farewell Address
A 32-page handwritten address, in which Washington urged Americans to avoid excessive political party spirit and geographical distinctions. In foreign affairs, he warned against long-term alliances with other nations.
Shay's Rebellion of 1787
A 1786-1787 uprising led by dissident farmers in western Massachusetts, many of them Revolutionary War veterans, protesting the taxation policies of the eastern elites who controlled the state's government.
A 1797 incident in which American negotiators in France were rebuffed for refusing to pay a substantial bribe. The incident led the United States into an undeclared war that curtailed American trade with the French West Indies.
Thomas Pinckney negotiated a treaty for Spain to open the lower Mississippi River and New Orleans for American trade for America to agree that their southern boundary was the 31st parallel
Battle of Fallen Timbers
The final battle of the Northwest Indian War, a struggle between Native American tribes and the western confederacy
A 1794 uprising by farmers in western Pennsylvania in response to enforcement of an unpopular excise tax on whiskey.
Alien and Sedition Acts
The Alien act forced immigrants to become US citizens and the sedition acts made it illegal for news paper writers to criticize the president or congress
The social reform movement to end slavery immediately and without compensation that began in the United States in the 1830s
Enacted by Parliament in 1765, the Stamp Act required that revenue stamps be placed on most printed paper in the colonies, including all legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, and advertisements. However, revolts soon followed. The Sons and Daughters of Liberty, who's purpose was to intimidate tax agents, was formed. Boycotts against British imports were the most effective form of protest, though.
Slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, which culminated in the elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Republic of Haiti
Latin American Revolution
The 18th- and 19th-century revolutionary wars against European colonial rule that led to the independence of the Latin American states.